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Unit 10D Chapater 8 Quiz



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

A meteorologist’s weather prediction would include all of the following, except
a.
wind speed
b.
relative humidity
c.
average summer temperatures
d.
atmospheric pressure
 

 2. 

Which of the following is related to the climate of a region?
a.
daily temperature
b.
average winter snowfall
c.
today’s relative humidity
d.
presence of fog
 

 3. 

Which of the following statements is true regarding climate and weather?
a.
Weather includes average temperature for an area.
b.
The climate of a region determines the types of plants and animals that live there.
c.
Climate is the atmospheric conditions in an area over a short period of time.
d.
Average winter snowfall is a condition of the weather for a region.
 

 4. 

Which of the following statements is true regarding an ecoregion or a bioclimate profile?
a.
An ecoregion describes only the ecosystem of a region.
b.
An ecosystem predicts the projected climate of a region 40 to 80 years in the future.
c.
A bioclimate profile describes both the climate and ecosystem of a region.
d.
A bioclimate profile shows temperature and moisture conditions at a given location.
 

 5. 

The climate of a region would be affected by which of the following?
a.
land formations
b.
altitude
c.
presence of ocean or air currents
d.
all of the above
 

 6. 

Which of the following provides an accurate description of ultraviolet radiation?
a.
visible short wavelength, higher-energy radiation
b.
invisible short wavelength, lower-energy radiation
c.
invisible short wavelength, higher-energy radiation
d.
invisible long wavelength, higher-energy radiation
 

 7. 

When radiation from the Sun reaches Earth, what happens to the majority of it?
a.
It is absorbed by Earth’s surface, clouds, and certain gases in the atmosphere.
b.
It is reflected by particles in Earth’s atmosphere.
c.
It is reflected back to space by clouds.
d.
It is reflected by Earth’s surface.
 

 8. 

Which of the following places would you expect to have the coldest climate?
a.
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
b.
Quito, Ecuador
c.
Ontario, Canada
d.
Bogota, Colombia
 

 9. 

Which component of Earth’s climate system includes the layers of gases surrounding the Earth?
a.
atmosphere
b.
hydrosphere
c.
lithosphere
d.
living things
 

 10. 

Which is the outermost layer of the atmosphere?
a.
thermosphere
b.
mesosphere
c.
troposphere
d.
exosphere
 

 11. 

In which layer of the atmosphere does ozone have a toxic and corrosive effect?
a.
stratosphere
b.
troposphere
c.
thermosphere
d.
exosphere
 

 12. 

Which of the following is a true statement regarding the climate of areas near a large body of water compared to an area that is not located near water?
a.
Regions near a large lake tend to be warmer in the summer.
b.
Regions near an ocean tend to be warmer in the fall.
c.
Regions downwind from a large body of water tend to have less snowfall in the winter.
d.
Regions near a large lake tend to be cooler in the fall.
 

 13. 

An example of a greenhouse gas is
a.
nitrogen
b.
oxygen
c.
methane
d.
all of the above
 

 14. 

One molecule of which of the following gases is least effective as a greenhouse gas?
a.
carbon dioxide
b.
methane
c.
nitrous oxide
d.
all three have the same level of effectiveness
 

 15. 

Most of Earth’s thermal energy circulation occurs in which two components of Earth’s climate system?
a.
atmosphere and lithosphere
b.
atmosphere and hydrosphere
c.
hydrosphere and lithosphere
d.
hydrosphere and living things
 

 16. 

Which of the following is a true statement regarding Earth’s prevailing winds?
a.
Air flows from areas of low pressure to areas of high pressure.
b.
Prevailing winds change direction frequently.
c.
Prevailing winds move directly north or south.
d.
Prevailing winds move thermal energy from the equator toward the North or South Poles.
 

 17. 

Which of the following has the lowest albedo?
a.
water
b.
sand
c.
snow
d.
clouds
 

 18. 

Which of the following is an example of a proxy record?
a.
journals
b.
paintings
c.
fossils
d.
oral histories
 

 19. 

Which of the following is a true statement regarding proxy records?
a.
Proxy records include tree rings and coral reefs.
b.
Proxy records are quantitative measurements of temperature or precipitation taken at the current time.
c.
Proxy records are direct records of climate.
d.
Examples of proxy records include farming records and paintings.
 

 20. 

Palynologists study
a.
rock formations
b.
climate
c.
pollen
d.
tree rings
 



 
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