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Elementary Social Studies Home
Nelson Education > School > Elementary Social Studies > InfoCanada > Teacher Centre > The St. Lawrence Lowland > Natural Resources

The St. Lawrence Lowland: Natural Resources Teacher Centre

Web Links

These Web sites will provide you with background information.


Answer Key

Maple Syrup: The Thousand Year-Old Recipe


Web Links

Minerals and Metals

Natural Resources Canada provides this student-friendly Web site to help students learn more about minerals found in the St. Lawrence Lowland region. There are text descriptions and photographs of each mineral. For games, puzzles, posters, and activities, click on the NRCan Site link and then on the NRCat's Kids' link.

Maple Syrup

Maple syrup and maple sugar are well-known commodities in the St. Lawrence Lowland region. This Web site looks at the 1000-Year-Old Recipe for making maple syrup created by Aboriginal peoples in the region. There are interesting historical images to show students how maple syrup has been processed through the ages. You will also find other interesting topics to explore by clicking on the "Back" button at the bottom of this page.


Answer Key

Maple Syrup: The Thousand-Year-Old Recipe


This Web site from the Collections of the Museum of Civilization helps students to gather information about maple syrup and provides them with the opportunity to examine historical drawings. A key point for students to understand is the long tradition of making maple syrup that began with First Nations. They will also come to understand that the production of maple syrup is unique to this region.


After students have completed the activity, review their responses to the Web site evaluation and discuss the reasons for their answers.


Answer Key


  1. Instructions for preparing a food item 
  2. Because the making of maple syrup was known to First Nations long before the arrival of Europeans 
  3. Sugar maple and black maple trees 
  4. The sugar content in other maple trees is too low 
  5. Maple syrup and maple sugar 
  6. Honey 
  7. Maple moon month: A full moon in spring, usually in March

    Sugaring off period: The spring season, when sap flows, usually in March

    Sweet water: Maple sap for boiling down into syrup 

  8. Because it takes many hours of work to prepare the final product 
  9. The following ideas should appear in students' completed charts:



First Nations

Early Europeans

Present Day

Collecting sap

Cut a diagonal slash in each lower tree trunk


Inserted a hollow reed to allow the sap to drip into a small bark container

Followed the methods taught to them by First Nations, but used wood or metal pails to collect the sap

Plastic pipes are inserted in the trees

Carrying sap

Carried to larger bark or log containers

Used wood or metal pails to carry the sap

Sap is transported by plastic pipes to a central plant

Boiling sap

Used fire-heated stones to boil the sap to a dark, sweet syrup


Further boiling produced maple sugar

Used large cast-iron kettles hung by chains over open fires

A central evaporating system turns the sap into maple syrup and sugar



Click here to view the student activity.