The MozaMbique Civil War The Mozambique civil war began in 1977, only two years after the country gained independence from Portugal. Before peace was declared in 1992, about 1 million people died in the conflict or from starvation; another 5 million civilians were displaced. Mabunda finds inspiration in traditional African art and modern artists like Picasso. Objects of destruction take on anthropomorphic forms in Mabunda’s art. visual liTeraCy As you examine the artwork, consider the choices the artists have made. Ask yourself the following questions: What materials have they used? Have they used materials in new ways? What choices have they made that express their points of view? Mabunda is best known for his throne sculptures, which comment on power in Mozambique during the civil war. NEL Artists Respond to Conflict 49