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Web Links


Chapter 11: Hydrocarbons

  11.2 Refining Petroleum
  11.3 Combustion of Hydrocarbons
  11.5 Alkenes and Alkynes
  Chapter 11 Review



11.2 Refining Petroleum

Manure Gas- Hydrogen Sulfide   Page (514, #4 )

From the US Farm Safety Association, a description of hydrogen sulfide, its effects and sources on the farm. A useful source of information that also discusses the effects of various concentrations of the gas in terms of the symptoms they cause.

Natural Gas- Composition, Properties and Preperation   Page (514, #4 )

This page is from the Energy Institute & The Department of Energy & GeoEnvironmental Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania. It describes the process of purifying natural gas and the removal of hydrogen sulphide. Diagrams help to explain the process

The Toxicology of Hydrogen Sulfide   Page (514, #4 )

This Web site describes the effects of hydrogen sulfide on humans. It includes a breakdown of the effects of different concentrations of hydrogen sulfide and also includes descriptions of the sources of this toxic gas.

Sour Gas and Hydrogen Sulfide   Page (514, #4 )

This article from the Yale Insider describes what "sour gas" is and explains the effects of exposure to hydrogen sulfide. Included at the bottom of the page is a number of links to articles about hydrogen sulfide.

Government of Alberta: Commodity   Page (514, #4 )

This section of the frequently asked questions page about natural gas explains what sour gas is, the effects of sour gas, and describes what is being done to reduce the production of this toxic substance.

ToxFAQ's for Hydrogen Sulfide   Page (514, #4 )

This fact sheet from the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry addresses numerous questions about hydrogen sulfide including what hydrogen sulfide is, where people might be exposed to it, and whether government agencies are doing anything to protect humans from exposure to hydrogen sulfide.




11.3 Combustion of Hydrocarbons

FAA Fire Safety Section   Page (520, #5 )

This is the homepage for the FAA fire safety group. The site contains extensive information on fire safety and fire fighting techniques. Browse the site selectively for the desired information.


International Emissions Trading   Page (523, #12 )

Weather Vane is a digital forum global climate policy. This page is a primer on emissions trading, explaining what emissions trading is and how it works. It also discusses the benefits/downfalls of the Kyoto Protocol and whether it is justified for nations to be able to buy permits to pollute rather than changing how much they pollute

Benefits of Natural Gas   Page (524, EAI )

From the American Gas Foundation, a page of information on the benefits of natural gas in terms of fuel efficiency, environmental benefits etc. The page includes links to a variety of related topics and studies including charts, graphs and related data.

Carbon Monoxide Headquarters   Page (527, #18 )

From Wayne State University, the Question and Answer page of the "Carbon Monoxide Headquarters". The page contains answers to many of the commonly asked questions about carbon monoxide and offers excellent information on its effects and how to deal with them.


National Academy Press - Suppression Materials   Page (520, #5 )

From the National Academy Press, publisher to the National Academy of Science, a chapter describing fire suppression materials used in commercial aircraft. This site is very detailed and specific. Search the site for a more focussed inquiry.


What's Hot In ARFF   Page (520, #5 )

This article from Airport Magazine describes the characteristics of jet fuel fires and their effects. The article discusses training and preparedness for dealing with such situations at airports.


West Coast Environmental Law Association   Page (523, #12 )

West Coast Environmental Law Association provides this analysis of the Kyoto protocol and its various components including emissions trading. The document is detailed in its review of the material in the protocol.

Kyoto Protocol of Climate Change   Page (523, #12 )

From the US State Department, this page is a fairly easy to follow outline of the Kyoto Protocol and emissions trading. The material is presented in a summary format and speaks to the impact of the protocol on the United States

Driving More Efficiently   Page (524, EAI )

A page of information and related links from the US Department of Energy. This section focuses on vehicles, how to choose fuel efficient cars, how to drive with fuel efficiency in mind, how to combine trips or choose routes


US Department of Energy   Page (524, EAI )

From the US Department of Energy, a page of tips and links on ways to improve fuel efficiency in your home.

What is Carbon Monoxide and Who is at Risk?   Page (527, #18 )

Primatech, makers of smoke and carbon monoxide detectors, has produced this very informative page on home safety. The page includes how CO detectors work, symptoms, maintenance as well as a scientific discussion of the effects on the human body.

Hamel Volunteer Fire Department   Page (527, #18 )

This page from the Hamel Volunteer Fire Department, Hamel, Minnesota gives a brief explanation of how CO detectors work, as well as how to maintain the different types of detectors. The site includes further information including health hazards associated with different amounts of CO and what to do when your CO detector goes off.


11.5 Alkenes and Alkynes


Reactions of Bromine with Selected Compounds   Page (550, #12 )

These virtual demonstrations from the University of Michigan illustrate the reaction of bromine with certain compounds such as cyclohexane, cyclohexene, and benzene.

Addition of Bromine to Hydrocarbons   Page (550, #12 )

A page on the Chemistry Learning Center at the University of Illinois website that describes the chemistry behind the reaction of bromine with cyclohexane and cyclohexene. The site includes both a Qicktime and a Windows Media movie of the reactions.

Dublin City University Chemistry Department   Page (552, #16 )

Dublin City University Chemistry Department website that lists many chemistry related links including several Ras-Mol and Chime libraries.


DCU School of Chemical Sciences   Page (552, #16 )

DCU School of Chemical Sciences site containing 280 molecules using chime. The molecules are catalogued alphabetically.


Chime Resources   Page (552, #16 )

University of Massachusetts, Amherst Microbiology Department site where you can download CHIME and RAS-MOL. Includes a tutorial on CHIME and links to various online libraries of molecular models.


ChemFinder.Com Search   Page (552, #16 )

CambridgeSoft Corporation, a provider of internet based software has developed this very useful site for anyone interested in chemistry. Type in the name of the compound that you want information on, and the site will give you alternate names, uses, a structural diagram, health hazards etc

How Plastics Are Made   Page (556, #19 )

A section of the Hollo Plastics Equipment, Inc. website that describes the methods used to make various plactics. The page includes a discussion of their properties, additives, uses etc.

What is Polypropylene    Page (556, #19)

This site from Vinyl Art .Inc details the uses of polypropylene. Scroll down to the bottom of the page to find out more about characteristics and uses of polypropylene.


Career Profiles   Page (557, #20 )

From Tech Works, a list of career profiles available by downloading an Adobe Acrobat PDF file. Choose career information about petrochemical field is given under the Gas and Petroleum Technology file.

College Grad Job Hunter - Petroleum Engineers   Page (557, #20 )

College Grad Job Hunter provides a search engine for entry level jobs in various fields. The page associated with this lnk provides detailed information about careers in the petroleum industry. Other related careers may be searched out using the search engine.


Careers in the Petroleum Industry   Page (557, #20 )

The Oklahoma Energy Resources Board is the source of this page that describes a number fo different careers in the petroleum industry.


Chapter 11 Review

Ethanol Page   Page (563, #29 )

The Canadian Agricultural Energy End-Use Data and Analysis Centre (CAEEDAC) was established in the Department of Agricultural Economics at the University of Saskatchewan. This page from their website has many links to pages about ethanol and its various uses in Canada.


Treasure-Troves - Chemists   Page (563, #30 )

From an extensive list of chemists who have made significant contributions to the discipline. Clicking on a name in the list will bring up a screen with brief biographical information and a description of their contribution

Chemical Achievers Home Page   Page (563, #30 )

The Chemical Heritage Foundation has produced this historical overview of the major advances in our knowledge of matter and the elements. The site includes descriptions of the contributions of various scientists to the different fields within chemistry.


Marcellin Pierre Eugene Berthelot   Page (563, #30 )

The 1911 Encyclopedia provides this brief biography of Berthelot. Browse through for pertinent information.

Electric Library- Berthelot   Page (563, #30 )

This page from the Electric Library describes Berthelot and his synthesis of many organic compounds to prove that the old theory that organic compounds only came from living creatures was wrong.