B.C. Science Probe 7
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Web Links
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Unit A - Ecosystems

Unit B - Chemistry

Unit C - Earth's Crust



General Unit Links

Frog Story Inspires Real Prince of a Play
Read about how the children described in the introduction inspired a play about their work.


Chapter 1

Section 1.1

Khutzeymateen photos
This site is a slide show of Alan Wakeman's photography, showing grizzly bears of the Khutzeymateen and some photos of the estuary.


Tree Book
Click on the Biogeoclimatic zones map, and select the Coastal Westerm Hemlock forest. Try this if you're looking for an extra challenge.

Section 1.2

NRDC's Green Squad
Learn how you can take action for a greener, healthier school.

How Healthy is the Earth?
A summary of The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment-a 2005 report on the state of our ecosystem.

Section 1.3

Sierra Club British Columbia Ecoprovinces
This site gives a map of the province, using ecosystems. Click on the map to learn about the animals and plants of each ecoprovince. There is also information about ecozones and a glossary.

Section 1.4

How Animals Meet Their Needs
A fun interactive quiz to test your knowledge of the various factors that affect survival.

Natureworks: Ecosystems
A good summary of what you've learned in this section.

Section 1.5

Fleischmann's Yeast
Click on "What is Yeast?" in the Product Line link to learn about its history and fermentation.

Section 1.6

To Build an Ecosystem
A great document about creating your own ecosystem. Includes many of the topics discussed in this chapter.

Predator Fun Facts
From Discovery Kids, learn some cool facts about lions, tigers, and bears.




Sierra Club
You can select an animal from your local area on the Ecoprovinces map.

Some useful background information about predation. You can also search this site for information on the predator you're researching.


Chapter 2

Section 2.1

Dialogue for Kids
This site provides simple information about ecosystems. Try the Water Cycle link, and check out the habitat and ecology links.

The Flow of Energy Through Plants and Animals
Learn about photosynthesis and food chains. The cartoons are humourous and educational.

Section 2.2

Food Chains and Webs
A good site with examples of a food chain and what happens when aspects of the chain change. Try creating your own food web.

Kidport Reference Library
Examples of land and sea food chains.

Section 2.3

Chain Reaction: Build a Food Chain
This game lets you test your knowledge of food chains by building your own. Don't forget to test your chain!

Secret At Sea
Learn about ocean ecosystems and more while you play this fun interactive game.

Awesome Science

Hydrothermal vents
Get answers from a scientist to all of your Hydrothermal Vent questions.

History and photos of hydrothermal vents
This site contains history about the discovery of the vents. It explains the vents and some life forms of the vent. It also has photos of some of the organisms.

Endeavour Hydrothermal Vents: The Truth Behind the Smoke
A short article about these hydrothermal vents located off the coast of Vancouver Island. Has several photographs and a section on how you can help.

OceanQuest: An Undersea Exploration of the Endeavour Vents
A fun site where you can learn more about the Endeavour Vents, learn about undersea careers, build your own submarine, and play the OceanQuest game.

Section 2.4

Interesting Facts about Food Chains
A good summary of everything in this chapter with illustrations. Check out the ecological pyramid and the detailed food web.

Deciduous Forest Energy Pyramid
Check this out if you're looking for more in-depth information on ecological pyramids. This site is great if you're looking for an extra challenge.

Section 2.5

This site has good basic information, and some photos of decomposers.

NatureWorks - Decomposers
Detailed information on different types of decomposers. Also has some good photos and vocabulary terms.

Section 2.6

The Greater Victoria Compost Education Centre
Click through the links in order to learn more about composting. Pay close attention to the Science of Composting.

Tech Connect

Waste Not, Want Not
Learn about this exciting new initiative and how it is being implemented across the country. Also describes the process in more detail.

Section 2.7

The Water Cycle
A chart explaining the role that the Sun, rain, snow, mountains, and rivers play in the water cycle.

The Evergreen Project
Learn about the six processes that make up the water cycle and how clouds are named.

Carbon Cycle Movie
Watch the movie and then test yourself with the carbon quiz.




SeaChange and Eelgrass Ecology
This site explains simply the work being done with the eelgrass beds in Saanich Inlet. It also provides good links to other sites.

Bamfield Eelgrass Stewardship Project
Learn how you can help save eelgrass. Includes links to other good sites.

Nearshore Food Web
This website provides a complex example of a "near shore food web", in which decomposing eelgrass is a significant part.


Chapter 3

Section 3.1

Biodiversity in B.C.
This website has many categories of information, including a brochure that can be downloaded to explain biodiversity in B.C.

Click on one of the many topics listed under the heading "Sustainability" for information from the David Suzuki Foundation.

Section 3.2

Fraser Valley Smog
A fun animation of how smog develops in the Fraser Valley.

Water Pollution and Shellfish
This site profiles individual organisms that are indicators of the health of the Fraser River estuary. Closures to shellfish harvesting are also explained.

Section 3.3

Acid Rain (EPA)
Learn about acid rain and what causes it, why it is harmful, and what you can do to help. The animation has good pictures and a lot of useful information.

Section 3.4

Species and Ecosystems at Risk
Brochures in PDF format are available here for a number of topics including the Antelope Brush Ecosystem.

Section 3.5

Global Warming
Information on Global Warming in question-and-answer format.

Salmon River Roundtable
Extensive information about land use issues, including the topics of field work, planning, and community outreach. The consensus-based planning principles are helpful for this investigation.

Science Works

Sachs Harbour Observations on Climate Change
Learn about the year-long project to study the problem of climate change in the Arctic.

Section 3.6

Invasive Species in Canada
Information about problems with invasive species in Canada. Includes a database you can search.

CBCN for Kids
Learn about the alien invasion and discover what plants are at risk in B.C., and what is being done.

Section 3.7

River Restoration Slideshow
A good, well-paced slideshow about the restoration work being done on the Salmon River, B.C.


Burrowing Owl Captive Breeding
The B.C. Wildlife Park in Kamloops operates the largest captive breeding program in North America for the burrowing owl.

Haig-Brown Kingfisher Creek Restoration Project
Learn how a B.C. naturalist's dream to restore a creek that ran through his backyard is helping to conserve salmon.

Section 3.8

Simple Ecological Footprint Calculator
Determines your ecological footprint based on your answers to 13 questions.

Ecological Footprint Calculator - Advanced
A more advanced calculator of your ecological footprint that requires knowledge of calories, shopping, fuel consumption and transportation.

Learn about the ecological footprint and Earth's capability to meet our needs.




Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve
This site has a brief explanation of why the area is significant.

Khutzeymateen Grizzly Bear Sanctuary
Background information on the sanctuary, including a map of where it is located and the grizzly bear's history.

Khutzeymateen Victory!
A short article announcing that the Khutzeymateen Valley would be home to Canada 's only grizzly bear sanctuary.

Wildlife Sanctuaries
A list of sanctuaries in B.C. that you can research.

B.C. Spaces for Nature
Click on the map to learn about protected parklands in B.C.

Preserving the Burns Bog
This news release briefly describes the importance of Burns Bog Swan Lake Nature Sanctuary.


Abalone Recovery
Learn about the efforts of the Abalone Recovery Team.

Abalone Project
This site explains the demise of the abalone, and outlines the Bamfield

Community Huu-ay-aht Abalone Project, including many photos of an

"outplanting" in 2004.

Abalone Restoration
This site gives a detailed explanation of the process involved in the cultivation of abalone, within the overall abalone restoration project. Photos of the hatchery are included.



Unit General Links

Snow Crystals
This site has just about everything you could want to know about snowflakes and crystal formation in ice. There are lots of pictures and information on things you can do, like grow your own snowflake crystals.


Chapter 4

Section 4.1

Take the tour for a good introduction to this unit. Click on each of the four states of matter to learn about each one.

Matter and Other Vocabulary
A great introduction to this unit, with good charts to help you understand the properties of matter. The flow charts at the beginning and end of the page are especially useful.

Section 4.2

Changes of State
A table helps you understand what is happening during each of the changes of state. The animation is also useful.

How Changes in Quantity Lead to Changes in Quality
If you're looking for an extra challenge and want to learn more about how water changes state then read this article.

Tech Connect

How Plasma Displays Work
From How Stuff Works, learn what makes plasma screens unique. Includes diagrams and animations, as well as pros and cons.

Section 4.3

Properties of Matter
A series of pages on mass, volume, and density.

Section 4.4

Balancing Act
This interactive site lets you compare the mass of various substances.

Section 4.5

Mass, Volume, and Density
Click on each term to learn more about it. Each section has questions to test your knowledge.

Section 4.6

An interactive site that lets you determine the mass and density of various objects.

How Objects Float in Fluids
If you're looking for an extra challenge, visit the site and learn about density, displacement, and why ships float.




Overview of the Eulachon Fishery
In-depth information on the eulachon. Learn about what why their oil is so special, how it is extracted and why it is so important to Aboriginal peoples

Fishers Work With Their Catch of Eulachon
Read the first article in this newsletter. Note that the story continues on the lower half of the second page.


Definition of a Hydrometer
This site offers a definition of a hydrometer. Click on Archimedes' Principle if you're interested in more in-depth information.

Making and Using a Hydrometer
Step-by-step instructions and illustrations on how to make and use your own hydrometer.


Chapter 5

Section 5.1

Physical and Chemical Changes
General information about various physical and chemical changes. The chart will be helpful for remembering the different changes.

States of Matter
Demonstrations of the particles in a solid, liquid, and gas movie.

Particle Adventure
Everything you need to know about particles. There is a historical timeline, an in-depth chart, and a glossary.

Section 5.2

Distinction Between Chemical and Physical Changes
A straightforward explanation of the differences between chemical and physical changes.

Physical and Chemical Properties and Changes
Physical and chemical changes are explained using easy to understand examples. Take a quiz or fill out a worksheet to test your knowledge.

Awesome Science

How Fireworks Work
Detailed information about the chemistry of fireworks. Also has a great animation of the different types of fireworks and a description of each.

Section 5.3

Physical and Chemical Changes
This site lists examples of chemical and physical changes.

Physical or Chemical Change?
Test your knowledge by taking this quiz.

Section 5.4

Try this activity at home with a parent for a hand-on look at how iron rusts.

Science Works

The Challenge of Materials
This site features quizzes, a matching game, and lots of information about materials and materials science, including choosing the right material for the job and materials that have changed our lives.




Basic Bridge Types
Photos and descriptions of six different bridge types.

Bridge Joints
An introduction to expansion joints, including their function, durability, and design.


How Microwave Cooking Works
A good explanation of how microwave cooking works.

Microwave - How it works
Easy to understand information about how a microwave works.

How a Microwave Oven Works
Very detailed information about how a microwave oven works, including diagrams of all the components inside a microwave.


Chapter 6

Section 6.1

What Are Mixtures and Solutions?
A good introduction to pure substances and mixtures.

Section 6.2

Elements and Compounds
A simple flow chart helps you classify a pure substance as an element or a compound.

General information about what compounds are and how they are made.

Mixtures, Compounds, and Elements
An interactive site that shows you how atoms of mixtures, compounds, and elements are distributed. Also has quizzes along the way to test your knowledge.

Section 6.3

Mixtures - General Information
General information about mixtures. Includes two specific examples of mixtures you are familiar with.

Information about solutions, suspensions, and emulsions, in the context of food.

Section 6.4

Separation of Mixtures
Learn about other ways to separate mixtures, including distillation and chromatography.

Separating Mixtures
Learn more about hand separation, filtration, and distillation as methods to separate a mixture.

Section 6.5

All Mixed Up
Learn about other ways to separate mixtures, including sieving, decanting, and using gravity.

Section 6.6

All About Solutions
Everything you wanted to know about saturated and unsaturated solutions.

Section 6.7

Section 4.8 on this page details several ways to increase the rate of dissolving.

Learn about the dissolving process and what factors increase the rate of dissolution.

Section 6.8

Acids and Bases Are Everywhere
A good introduction to the basics of acids and bases. Includes useful terms for you to learn.

Acids and Bases - Interactive program
This site has detailed lesson plans that allow you to explore properties of acids and bases and the pH scale.

The pH Scale
Take this quiz to see if you can determine which items have the highest and lowest pH.

Section 6.9

Kitchen Chemistry - Interactive lesson
This virtual kitchen lets you conduct online experiments to see if different liquids have acid or base reactions.

pH Scale
A pH scale from a water quality perspective.

Answers to General pH questions
Learn about acid rain and pH paper.

Section 6.10

Winter Road Maintenance
Learn about the chemicals used to de-ice roads, as well as the environmental impacts of doing so.


Highway Salting
The Salt Institute provides definitions and answers to questions on the use of salt on highway ice.



Unit C General Links

Visible Earth
Browse the series of amazing photos from satellites that illustrate erosion, volcanic activity, and plate tectonics. This collection of NASA images and animations of the Earth is spectacular.

Oracle Think Quest Education Foundation
A resource that allows students to browse other schools' work in a secure web community. Explore more than 75 on-line Earth Science projects created by students. The user-friendly text and graphics make a great starting point for students.


Chapter 7

Section 7.1

Junior Rockhound Magazine
A great place to start with on-line support for rocks and minerals! Compare the Rock Cycle graphic on the site to the one in section 7.8.

Rocks and Minerals Slide Show
This site has slide shows of a variety of rock formations. Click on any icon and follow the instructions.

Experiment: Growing Crystals
The classic sugar and salt crystal experiment that you can do at home. The instructions and steps are easy to follow. Note that the experiment requires adult supervision.

Minerals and Metals: A World to Discover
A very useful site with engaging "tours" that allow you to examine how minerals and metals play a role in your daily life. Afterwards, take the test to see what you've learned! Be sure to check out the "Start a Mine" feature. Although the focus is mining, the information provides good enrichment content and a thorough glossary.

Section 7.2

Rockdoctors Guide to Mineral Identification
Descriptions and photographs help you identify minerals. Take the mineral quiz at the bottom of the page to see what you've learned!

Rocks For Kids
Detailed descriptions of rocks and minerals, as well as the terms used to classify them. Has many useful examples to make classification easier and more specific.

Section 7.3

Rocks For Kids
This site provides simple information, and offers links to more substantial information about rocks, minerals, fossils, natural disasters, and careers in geology and Earth science. Begin with the How Rocks & Minerals Are Formed section.

Every photo on this site can be enlarged to show beautiful, close-up details.

Section 7.4

Fossils (Behind the Scenes at the Museum)
This site takes only a few minutes to navigate but has enough user-friendly information to review the main concepts of fossil formation.

Earth Floor (Geologic Time)
The site provides straightforward information at a grade 8 level reading. Great if you're looking for an extra challenge.

Fossils and Fossil Collecting (Kids Ark)
A very easy site to navigate that provides basic information about fossils.

Section 7.5

Weather and Weathering
A great site with detailed explanations of each type of weathering.

Section 7.6

Canada Landslide Project
A gallery of landslides from across the country. Very clear illustration of erosion forces.

Section 7.7

Soil Erosion
Look for more detailed information about soil. Scroll down to find information about soil erosion by water.

Section 7.8

Stones at Home (BBC)
From the British Broadcasting Corporation, straightforward information on rocks and a few activities that you can try, including one about sedimentary rocks and sandwiches.

The Rock Cycle
Detailed information about the Rock Cycle in simple terms.

Rock and the Rock Cycle
A great site with information on the rock cycle. Important terms can be clicked on for more detailed information. Has great visuals and animations to illustrate the rock cycle.

Section 7.9

The Rock Cycle
Describes the relationship between igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks through the rock cycle.




Mining and Mineral Exploration in British Columbia
A fact sheet of information on mining production in B.C.


Mineral Resources Education Program
This site contains a useful "Student Resource" section which includes a mining photo gallery. The captions to these images can also be downloaded for use in projects. The "Mining in B.C." link provides regional information for use in this exercise but the text may be challenging.


Burgess Shale
This site provides a starting point to investigating the Burgess Shale. There are other links listed on the site that contain additional photos of fossils found at the Burgess Shale site.

Burgess Shale (fossil images)
A great gallery of fossil images with limited text.


Chapter 8

Section 8.1

Earth's Layers (Volcano World)
This part of the site has well ordered content pages. The graphics are kid-friendly.

Earth and Moon Viewer
This site will allow you to have a bird's eye view of anywhere on Earth. You can also look at the moon from various sides. Simply click on the highlighted words for an endless amount of choices.

Section 8.2

Continental Drift and Plate Tectonics
Learn about Pangaea while playing the games on this site. Make sure you review the section that summarizes the evidence for continental drift.

Mountain Maker, Earth Shaker
PBS offers fantastic visuals and comprehensive information. Start with this activity page in which you move plates with your cursor. Then explore the search function using key words form this unit.

Earth Like a Puzzle
Discover how Earth is like a giant puzzle. The graphics are great and the information is straightforward.

Section 8.3

Animation: The Breakup of Pangaea
This animation shows how the locations of continents and islands have changed over the past 150 million years. Use the control buttons at the bottom to stop, start, and rewind.

Continental Divide: The Breakup of Pangaea
This is not only an animation of Pangaea but also information about continental drift and fossils.

Section 8.4

Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes
A visually appealing presentation of Plate Tectonics and fault boundary movements. It also contains an earthquake preparedness kit checklist.

Section 8.5

Most concepts from the unit are addressed here. The graphics are basic but effective.

This is a commercial site with engaging animations. Try the free movie clips: "Earthquakes", "Oceans", and "Tsunamis".

Tech Connect

Nuytco Research Ltd.
This B.C. site profiles different ocean exploration vehicles produced in Vancouver. The use of technology is apparent in all of the submersibles. Be sure to check out the Exosuit.

Into the Abyss (PBS)
Good photos of submersibles, logbook entries from expeditions, and a deep-sea discoveries timeline. The featured ROPOS submersible is made in Canada.

The NeMO Explorer
Take a virtual tour of various sites on the sea floor. Try the Technology and Tools page.

A Deep-Sea Odyssey (Alvin)
This site is only a few pages but contains good photos and text. Try the "virtual expedition" to get your chance to pilot Alvin!

Stratovolcanoes of the World
This is a fictional (unreal) account describing robot Dante II's mission in Crater Peak, Alaska.

Robovolc (A Robot for Volcano Exploration)
Have a look at this great combination of science, technology, and volcanic exploration. The photo galleries offer many images of the various tests to which the robot has been subjected. The video gallery provides an array of interactive displays.

How GPS Receivers Work (
More in-depth information about GPS receivers.


Chapter 9

Section 9.1

Understanding Plate Motions
This site provides useful illustrations and information about the plate boundaries discussed in this section.

Plate Boundaries
A great starting point for the topics in this unit. Be sure to try each animation.

Plate Tectonics
Explains each boundary type in a simple yet informative manner.

Section 9.2

Plate Boundary Movement
Visit this site to see animations of plate movement at convergent, divergent, and transform fault boundaries.

Section 9.3

I Know That!
Click on "Earthquakes" for a great animation of what happens during an earthquake. The Shaky Ground link lets you adjust the Richter scale to see how different levels affect things on the ground.

Tidal Wave
The story of a tidal wave that struck Vancouver Island in 1964. It is only one page and easy to read. Click on the photos to see more just how much damage was caused.

Seismic Activity in B.C.
Click on a map to see earthquakes from as far back as 5 years ago.

Click on the Seismic Monitor for a world map that shows seismic activity and has a latitude and longitude cursor.

The Franklin Institute On-Line
Information on earthquakes, volcanoes, and floods. Explore the other study units as well as the rest of the on-line institute.

Earthquakes Hazards Program (National Earthquake Information Center)
A great site that includes an Earthquake Image Glossary as well as facts, puzzles, and other on-line activities.

Section 9.4

Provincial Earthquake Preparedness Program
Download an Emergency Preparedness Checklist from the Earthquake Preparedness Link, and be sure to check out the other useful information on this page. Try the Kids' Zone on the PEP homepage.

Federal Emergency Management Agency
Learn about many types of disasters and how to prepare your home for such events.

Awesome Science

The 1700 Juan de Fuca Earthquake
Includes quotations from those who experienced the earthquake, as well as easy to understand information and illustrations.

Section 9.5

I Know That!
Click on "Volcanoes" to see an animation of how a volcano erupts. The Story of Mount Vesuvius is a short animation that is definitely worth watching.

Volcano World (University of North Dakota)
This site has many interesting aspects including Ask a Volcanologist and a Virtual Field Trip in the Kids' Door link.

US Geological Survey, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
There are many beautiful pictures in the photo gallery. Click the link to the photo glossary to help you review the unit.

The Supervolcano Game
A great simulation game that deals with the emergency measures required before, during, and after a volcanic eruption.

Can We Predict Volcanic Eruptions?
This site presents information about volcanoes an in easy-to-read manner.




And an Ocean is Born
Information about how new oceans emerge and what is taking place in The Great Rift Valley.

Great Rift Valley (
Visit this site for in-depth information about the Great Rift Valley of Africa. Click the highlighted words for more info.


Detailed info about the history of seismographs and how they function.

How Does a Seismograph Work?
Discussion about the obstacles involved in building seismographs.

Build Your Own Seismograph
Step-by-step instructions for building two different seismographs.


Geothermal Education Office
The text is thorough and answers key questions about geothermal energy. The slide show offers many images from various locations.

National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Provides info on how geothermal energy could be used in electricity production, as well as its direct uses in the home.


Weekly Volcanic Activity Report
Read updates about volcanic activity that has occurred over the past week. You can search the archives by date, volcano, and region.

Famous Volcanic Eruptions
Information and photos of famous volcanic eruptions. Includes links to other sites for more in-depth information.