B.C. Science Probe 5
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Unit A: Forces and Machines




Unit B: The Human Body



Unit C: Earth's Resources





UNIT A - Forces and Machines

General Links

Bill Nye the Science Guy
You can find information and activities about forces and machines. Click on Episode Guides for information and Home Demos for activities.


Roller Coasters
Find out about the science behind roller coasters, their history, and how to make one.

Chapter 1: Forces Around Us Affect the Movement of Objects


Learn about the science of skateboarding and skateboarding equipment.

Section 1.1: What Makes Things Move.

Learn about the science of NHL hockey at this Exploratorium site.

Section 1.2: Measuring Forces

Calculating Weight
Calculate your weight on all of the planets.

Weight on Earth
Read about the GRACE (Gravity Recovery and Climatic Experiment) mapping of the Earth's gravitational pull. Find out where on Earth you will weigh the least.

Section 1.3: Friction

Friction and Movement
Learn about friction and how it affects the movement of objects in this interactive site.

Section 1.4: How Does Surface Texture Affect Force?

Experiment with Friction
Do this experiment to find out if bearings can reduce friction.

Section 1.5: What Affects the Amount of Force Needed to Move an Object?

Moving Objects in Space
Log into this NASA site to learn how astronauts train to work in the microgravity of space.

Section 1.6: How Do Slope and Load affect How Far a Can Rolls?

Forces and Sports
Learn about the connection between sports and forces. Follow the links to find out about the science behind baseball, surfing, and cycling.

Section 1.7: Combining Forces

Force Diagrams
Learn how forces combine and how to draw force diagrams to show all the forces acting on an object.

Learn how to calculate an object's momentum.

Forces and Flying
Learn about the forces of aeronautics and how thrust, drag, and lift affect flight.

Balanced and Unbalanced Forces
Find out more balanced and unbalanced forces and many other topics related to forces.

Chapter 2: Machines Use Force to Do Work

Section 2.1: Machines Make Work Easier

Work and Machines
Find out more about work and the history of simple machines.

Section 2.2: Machines and the Work They Do

The Simple Machines
Read information about the six simple machines and choose activities to demonstrate how they work.

Machines and Mechanical Advantage
Read about the six simple machines and how to calculate mechanical advantage.

Machines in the Home
Explore simple machines found in the home and tool shed on this interactive site.

Section 2.3: Levers

Learn how a pair of scissors contains levers in action and do a science activity on levers.

Balancing a Lever
On this site you can balance frogs along a lever. Move closer or farther away from the fulcrum to create a balance of two frogs of different weight.

Archimedes Claw
Learn about Archimedes claw - a machine that used the principle of the lever to flip an attacking ship.

The Three Classes of Levers
Learn about the three classes of levers. Watch them in action and read about examples of each class.

Section 2.4: Wheels and Axles

History of the Wheel
Read this to find out about the history of the wheel.

Build a Whirligig
Use what you know about wheels and axles to build a jumping whirligig in a box.

Moving Gears
Learn about a special wheel called a gear. Play a game to see how gears move when they are meshed together.

Section 2.5: Pulleys

Pulleys at Work
Design an "elevator" to move food above the ground.

Section 2.6: Inclined Planes and Wedges

Inclined Planes
Log into this site to learn more about the inclined plane.

Log into this site to learn more about the wedge.

Section 2.7: Screws

The Screw
Log into this site to learn more about the screw.

The Robertson Screw
Read about the Canadian inventor, Peter Robertson, and his famous screw and screwdriver.

Chapter 3: We Use Simple and Compound Machines to Do Work for Us

Section 3.1: Compound Machines

Compound Machines Past and Present
Look at pictures of common compound machines, including both early and modern machines.

Matching Game
Go to this site to play a game and try to match a Leonardo da Vinci sketch of a machine to its purpose.

The Bicycle
Find out about the science of cycling. Click on the menu for links to find out more about wheels and axle and gears in a bicycle.

Section 3.2: The Power of Compound Machines

The Springwalker
Learn about the Springwalker, a new machine that increases the power of leg movements.

Section 3.3: Compound Machines Over Time

Pioneer Tools
Learn how machines have changed over time by finding out more about the tools and machines used by pioneers.

Pioneer Life
Learn about pioneer tools and how pioneers made their homes, obtained food, and moved from place to place.

Section 3.4: Compound Machines in Mining

Mining for Gold
Find out about the tools and machines used in early gold mining operations in British Columbia .

Coal Mining
Find out how coal was mined in British Columbia and how it is mined today.

Section 3.3: Compound Machines in Forestry

The Steam Donkey
Learn about the role of the machine called the steam donkey in logging in British Columbia .

Early Logging
Look at photographs of early logging in British Columbia .

Science Works Carving Using Simple and Compound Machines

Carving a Totem
See Harold Harry, a pole carver in action.

Section 3.6: Nisga'a Fish Wheel

The Nisga'a Fish Wheel
Take a closer look at a Nisga'a fish wheel and learn how this fishing method helps the Nisga'a nation manage the salmon.

Apply What You've Learned: How We Use Machines Then and Now

Haida Canoes
Learn how the Haida carved canoes and more about their history.

Life of Early Settlers
Learn about the early ways of British Columbia settlers, including farming, fishing, agriculture and mining.

Raising Totem Poles
Learn about the raising of totem poles.

Early Transportation
Learn how early settlers to Canada traveled to get here and to move across the country.

Making Connections: Design a Compound Machine

Rube Goldberg Inventions
Get inspiration and enjoy looking at some of the inventions of Rube Goldberg. Follow the links to check out Rube Goldberg designs at the Gallery, read biographical information, or to find out about Goldberg competitions in your area.

Interesting Inventions
Go to the Engineering category to find ideas to help you design your own compound machine.

UNIT B - The Human Body

Chapter 4: Your Body Takes In Nutrients and Oxygen to Keep You Alive

Section 4.1: What Is a Body System?

Cells to Systems
Learn all about cells and how your body's cells are organized into tissues, organs, and systems.

Section 4.2: Your Digestive System and How It Works

Digestive System
Read more about the digestive system and have fun with an interactive diagram of the system.

Healthy Eating
Take a short quiz on healthy eating, and then read to find out more about the correct answers.

Section 4.3: Your Respiratory System and How It Works

Respiratory System
Read an article on the lungs and the respiratory system, including some common diseases.

Look at an animation to see what happens inside your body when you breathe in and out.

Apply What You've Learned: Make a Good Health Poster

Canada/s Food Guide to Healthy Eating
Find out what and how much you should eat.

Chapter 5: Your Heart and Blood Carry Nutrients and Oxygen to Your Cells

Section 5.1: Your Body's Transportation System

Your Circulatory System
This page gives you an overview of the circulatory system. You can go to other pages to find out more about the system as you read the sections in your textbook and do an interactive quiz at the end.

Section 5.2: The Job of Your Heart

Pumping Blood
This animation shows how blood moves into and out of your heart.

Section 5.3: Your Blood and What It Does

All about blood. Click on the links to find out more about the parts of blood.

Blood Types
Find out about blood types.

Section 5.4: Does Exercise Affect Your Heart Rate?

A Healthy Heart
Find out more about your heart and why exercise is good for it.

Section 5.5: Getting Rid of Wastes Through Your Blood

The Excretory System
Read an article on the kidneys and excretory system and look at an interactive diagram of the system.

Section 5.6: How Your Circulatory Systems Interacts with Other Body Systems

Four Systems
Click on the links to review what you have learned about the respiratory, digestive, circulatory, and excretory systems.

Chapter 6: Your bones, Muscles, and Skin Support and Protect Your Body

Section 6.1: Your Body's Framework

All About Your Bones
Read all about your bones and what they do for you.

Section 6.2: Your Bones

Bones of Your Skeleton
In this puzzle, put the bones back together to make a human skeleton.

Skeleton Game
Click on the skeleton to show where different bones are.

Section 6.3: How Your Bones Move

Read this page to find out about four different types of joints.

Section 6.4: The Role of Calcium in Bones

Healthy Bones
Read why and how you can take care of your bones. You can also do a word puzzle on "bone" words.

Section 6.5: Your Muscular System

Read this to find out about the three kinds of muscles in your body.

What Muscles Can Do
All about muscles and what they can do. Includes an animation about how your knee works.

Section 6.6: Skin: Your Protective Covering

Your Skin
More information about your skin.

Skin, Hair, and Nails
More about your skin with links to information on hair and nails.

Section 6.7: How Your Bones, Muscles, and Skin Interact with Other Body Systems

Two Systems
Click on the links to review what you have learned about the skeletal and muscular systems.

Bones, Muscles, and Skin
Read this to review bones, muscles, and skin.

Chapter 7: Your Nervous System Controls All Your Other Body Systems

Section 7.1: The Parts of Your Nervous System

Your Nervous System
Read more about your nervous system.

Parts of the Nervous System
Learn about the different parts of your nervous system.

Section 7.2: The Brain: Your Control Centre

Your Brain
Read all about the brain. Link to some brain games.

Jigsaw Puzzles
Do some on-line jigsaw puzzles and see if you can improve your scores through practice.

Hearing and Your Brain
Read and see what happens in your brain when you hear the word "cat."

Section 7.3: Test Your Reaction Time

Play Baseball
Test your reaction time and see how quickly you can "swing a bat."

Red Light, Green Light
Another reaction time test. Can you improve your reaction time?

Section 7.4: Your Senses

Optical Illusions
See how your brain can be fooled by these famous optical illusions.

Your Eyes
Read an article on the eye that includes a diagram of the eye.

Your Five Senses
Find out more about all your senses.

Section 7.5: How Your Nervous System Interacts with Other Body Systems

All Your Systems
Choose a body system at the top of the page to review what you have learned in this unit.

Making Connections: Create a Road Map of Your Body

Your Organs
Play an interactive game where you put organs from each body system back into a body.

UNIT C - Earth's Resources

Chapter 8: We Depend on Earth's Natural Resources for Our Survival

Section 8.1: Earth's Natural Resources

Natural Resources in British Columbia
Look at this site for an overview of British Columbia 's natural resource use in fishing, mining, and forestry over the last 200 years.

Section 8.2: The Impact of Resource Use

Ecosystems and Biomes

Learn about the ecosystems of Earth. You can listen to a narrator explain the different biomes of the world.

Learn more about ecosystems and terrariums. Scroll down to the terrarium section.

Section 8.3: Conserving Resources

Learn more about conservation by visiting Recycle City. Use what you learn to clean-up Dumptown.

Chapter 9: Renewable Resources Can Replace Themselves

Section 9.1: Renewable Resources

Protecting Renewable Resources
Go to the Youths page for information and activities about protecting our natural resources in British Columbia .

Section 9.2: Salmon

Life Cycle of Salmon
Find out about the life cycle of salmon and play some games.

All About Salmon
Read about salmon on this site from the Vancouver Aquarium.

Section 9.3: Forests

Trees of British Columbia
Find out about the large variety of trees found in British Columbia .

Paper Making
Make your own paper at home or in the classroom.

Learn about trees, how they benefit people, and how you can help protect them.

Play a Game
Games and activities that can help you learn about our forests.

Awesome Science: Cedar: The Tree of Life

Totem Poles
Find out about totems and what the carvings on them mean.

Section 9.4: Water

About Water
Read to find answers to common questions about water.

The Water Cycle
Read more about the water cycle.

All About the Water Cycle
Read about the different stages of the water cycle.

Section 9.5: How Does Water Pollution Affect Living Things?

Polluting the Ocean
Play a detective to find out how contaminants affect the living things in our seas.

Section 9.6: Renewable Energy Resources

Solar Energy
Read this to find answers to questions about solar energy.

Renewable Energy Resources
Use the interactive map to find out about different renewable energy resources.

Chapter 10: Non-Renewable Resources Can Be Used Only Once

Section 10.1: Non-Renewable Resources

Word Puzzles
Solve word search puzzles about oil and gas and diamond exploration, mining, and drilling.

Minerals and Metals
Explore this site to find out about minerals and metals mined in Canada , how minerals and metals are important in our lives, and much more.

10.2: Mining Minerals

Follow the links on this page to see a video about blasting a tunnel, photos about the mining process, things that are made from minerals, and more about mining in British Columbia .

10.3: Processing Ore to Find Minerals

Read about copper, and then follow the link to mining to find out more about mining in Canada .

ScienceWorks: Plants: Nature's Way of Helping the Environment

Learn about air and how to maintain and improve the quality of air in British Columbia .

Section 10.4: Opening and Closing a Mine

Look at photos showing the reclamation of mine sites in British Columbia .

Section 10.5: Mining Chocolate Chips

Start a Mine
You can start a mine on this interactive web site.

Section 10.6: The Pros and Cons of a New Copper Mine

Opening a Mine
Find out about opening and closing a mine in Australia .

Section 10.7: Fossil Fuels

All About Coal
Read about coal in Canada , and play a game to practise your knowledge.