Links to all things Aboriginal within B.C.
Contact information for various Métis organizations in B.C.
Links to Aboriginal news, entrepreneurs, organizations, and government agencies.
Aboriginal Program Consultant contact information for all B.C. School Districts, which can help access Elders, resource people and other community leaders.
General Unit Links
University collection of links dealing with Canada's weather, including regionally listed forecasts, climate information, satellite photos, and more.
Overviews and FAQs of issues regarding Canada's weather
Section 1.1: What Is Weather
Comprehensive overview of atmospheric issues, written in both technical format for educators, as well as student-friendly format.
Section 1.2: Observing and Measuring the Weather
Activity site for students to create their own weather observation tools such as a rain gauge, a barometer, a wind scale tool, etc.
Read about a Canadian research group working on the Arctic sea ice at the northern most tip of Canada.
Section 1.4: Measuring Precipitation
Describes methods and challenges of measuring snowfall.
Understanding the definition of and the formative processes of a storm.
Children's misconceptions about weather.
Section 1.5: Measuring Cloud Cover
A meteorologist explains the systems used to describe cloud cover.
Brief descriptions of the terms used in weather forecasts issued by Environment Canada. Note the section on clouds.
Section 1.6: Measuring Wind
instructions for making an anemometer to measure wind speed.
A brief history of weather vanes.
Section 1.7: Measuring Air Pressure
How they work, with a link to aneroid barometers, too.
Section 1.8: Finding Weather Information
A map based weather forecasting tool, with many other tools such as satellite photos, etc.
A brief history of the C.M.S.
Section 2.1: Weather and the Seasons
Helpful science explanation of our summer/winter patterns
Good teacher related link with discussion topics and activities.
Section 2.2: The Effect of Mountains and Oceans on Our Climate
Great real-world examples of the subject matter discussed in this Section
A short paragraph with a diagram of how mountains affect rainfall
Section 2.3: Weather Patterns in Different Places
Climate normals and extremes across Canada, compiled and calculated over the past twenty years by Environment Canada.
Graphing the variations over time of precipitation and temperature for Canada's different regions
Section 2.4: Conduct an Investigation: Heating Water and Land
In geophysical terms, the explanation behind why water heats slower, and cools down slower than land.
Section 2.5: Using Air Pressure to Predict Weather
Weather related terms and their meanings
Information about air pressure and weather, and how they affect one another.
Section 2.6: Using Clouds to Predict Weather
Photos of different types of clouds, and the type of weather conditions they predict.
The three main types of clouds and the other types that result when they combine.
Tech.CONNECT: Weather Satellites
Satellite pictures of the weather that you can watch.
Section 3.1: Weather Affects Non-Living Things
A list of helpful links to activities and audiovisual materials.
Good descriptions of how rocks are formed and how erosion plays a big part of that cycle.
Written for kids, but packed with clear, concise information, and even a demonstration or two.
Section 3.2: Seasonal Weather Affects Living Things
Encyclopedia article with fascinating facts about migratory instincts and habits.
The strategies animals will use to survive the harsh winter conditions in the Arctic
Section 3.3: Winter Weather Affects British Columbians
Discusses the regional climate zones of B.C.
Section 3.3: Extreme Weather Events Affect Living and Non-Living Things
Stormsurf has definitions of terms and descriptions of different types of storms
Many articles about the Atmosphere; See the link for "DAAC study: Dropping in on a Hurricane"
This is a comprehensive guide to severe weather conditions and types of storms, including photos and explanations.
ScienceWORKS: The UV Index: A Canadian Success Story
Angus Fergusson: The Canadian who started the Children's UV Index Sun Awareness Program.
General Unit Links
Links where you can learn about sound and light by using the Search Nova box. Simply type in what you are interested in within the topics of Light and Sound and check out what is available. Sound, video, and text are available.
An excellent site for self-study of all branches of science for elementary teachers. Thorough, well illustrated, concise and well indexed.
A collection of similar and alternative activities for working with light for grade 4 students.
Section 4.1: What Is Light?
Illustrated examples of light sources and more.
A universe of links to detailed light information.
Section 4.2: Natural Light
A tutorial on how natural light changes what we see.
Explanation about the natural light we get from the Sun and the Moon and has an activity for students.
Awesome SCIENCE: Creatures That Glow!
Information on living things that produce light. It is very complete and has more photos of the animals found in this feature.
Section 4.3: Artificial Light
All you ever wanted to know about light bulbs.
The history of lamps using Roman examples.
A good explanation of the history of candlelight as well as other links to candle information
A history and explanation of fireworks.
Description of how neon lighting is made and how the colours are produced.
Tech.CONNECT: Edulight-A Canadian Invention
More information about the Edulight on the International Trade Canada website.click on Glenergy Inc. under the heading "Success Stories" for the full article.
An excellent and concise tutorial on the properties of light used in this chapter with clear diagrams and a separate page for each property.
Section 5.1: Light Travels in a Straight Line
Excellent photographs of light rays traveling in straight lines.
A good example of the Try This Activity, as well as a demonstration of an interactive angle of reflection.
Section 5.2: Light Behaves in Different Ways in Different Materials
Scroll past the exhibit by Daniel Buren, to the Art Explorations section to find the integration of art and light science introduced, with great explanations of how these properties can be explored using paint.
Section 5.3: Reflected Light
An interactive example of mirror reflection where you can move the ray to show how the angle of incidence changes.
This site has several diagrams of light being reflected with clear captions.
Section 5.4: Refraction
This is a great applet (animated diagram) that allows you to vary the angle of the light hitting water and seeing two things-how the angle of refraction changes and how the object is magnified as seen in the pencil in the water photo in the Try This Activity.
Easy to understand site, with diagrams, that explains refraction.
Section 5.5: Light Can be Separated into Colours
How to make a permanent rainbow maker using clear nail polish, a tub of water and black construction paper.
Clear definitions and diagrams of various parts of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Great description of what makes up a sound wave
Section 6.1: What is Sound?
A good description of the definition of sound plus other topics.
Section 6.2: Sound is Caused by Vibrations
Full description of sound, presented in a kid-friendly manner.
An animation of actual human vocal cords opening and closing during speech.
Section 6.3: Detecting Sound Vibrations
Click on any of the different parts of this illustrated ear to see full descriptions of that part.an interactive learning experience.
How humans detect sound vibrations.
This site is a general description of animals and their senses.
Several properties of sound are explained clearly in this site.
Section 7.1: Sound Waves
Good descriptions and visuals of sound waves as well as diagrams illustrating loudness and pitch.
Section 7.2: Loudness
A very complete definition of loudness is contained in this site.
How humans sense loud sounds.
Section 7.3: Pitch
A brief description of pitch, with illustrations.
This site allows you to look at an animation of the Doppler effect which is experienced in the Try This Activity-Spinning Penny.
Section 7.4: What Sounds do Animals Hear?
This is an article about how these animals warn each other of danger.
This site lists many other animals in addition to those listed in the student book and their range of hearing.
Section 7.5: Conduct an Investigation: What Materials Can Sound Travel Through?
This site has a clear description of why sound travels fastest in solids plus a table of various substances and how fast through these solids sound travels.
Section 7.6: Transmitting Sound
Same site as in Section 7.5
Section 7.7: Reflecting Sounds
Interesting animation of an echo. The text can be read by the computer if necessary or desired.
Section 7.8: Absorbing Sounds
This article describes a use of a room that has been designed so there are no echoes or ambient noise. It is used to accurately measure how much sound an object produces.
Section 8.1: What Habitats Provide
Visual guide to animals and their habitats. Select an animal or a habitat to learn more about it.
Section 8.2: Different Habitats have Different Features
An excellent, interactive site, focused on learning about different animals and their habitats.
Section 8.3: Conduct an Investigation: What Is the Best Habitat for Mealworms?
More information on the mealworm and what it becomes later in its lifecycle
Section 8.4: What Are Adaptations?
Fun idea for an activity, to create your own animal, and describe its habitat and how it has adapted to that habitat.
Section 8.5: Structural Adaptations
How many animals adapt to cope with extreme conditions of their habitat.
A list of animals and their adaptations which help them thrive in their habitats
Section 8.6: Behavioural Adaptations
A very nicely laid-out site; see in particular the "additional resources" section
There's an entire section of this paper which gives great examples of behavioural adaptations.
Section 8.7: Responses That Help Plants Adapt
A good overview with examples of plants adapting to their environments, but the language may be a bit too advanced for the grade 4 level
Lots of examples and amazing photos of different species of plants and their adaptations, from Smith College Botanic Garden
Section 8.8: What Lives Here?
This is a kid-friendly site that is a Hinterland Who's Who of fish and birds that live in or near fresh and salt water habitats.
This is a very informative site from Marietta College which breaks down all the aspects of the food chain into sections
Section 9.1: Populations and Communities
A collection of lessons and activities related to habitat, ecosystems and ecology
Section 9.2: How Plants and Animals Get Food
Click on the blue terms in this webpage to learn more about each of the three types of consumers, and how they keep a fine balance of food sources in their habitat.
A great hands on demonstration of recycling in action, which also serves as a hands-on review of the terms discussed in this section.
Section 9.3: Food Chains
This resource is another take on the food chain, which encompasses the idea of energy use, and how the balance of nature is kept in equilibrium.
Explore the woodland habitat, learning about the animals and plants and sorting them according to where they fit on their food chain.
Section 9.4: Changes in Food Chains
This article from January 2005 reveals just how the food chain can break down due to climatic changes.
How we can help restore balance in the food chain.a positive environmental change.
Section 9.5: Food Webs are Made of Food Chains
A simple yet great description of the difference between the two, with examples provided.
Section 10.1: Human Actions Affect Habitats
Discover Your Place in Your Habitat: a guideline for activities with your students to maximize awareness of the biomes in which they live, and which they share with other species.
Section 10.2: The Effects of Changes in Habitats
You can click on any animal in this Endangered species list to find a fact sheet about that species, including information on its habitat, current population and behaviour.
Good starting point for looking at names of red and blue listed species. In this case of the
Columbia Basin. The "mammals" page includes art of the species
This site is the Mid Vancouver Island Habitat Enhancement Society; it has a good explanation of nonpoint source pollution, examples of groundwater models, and shows student involvement in a Streamkeepers program.
Certain species are monitored to assess the health of ecosystems. This site describes "the state of the environment for particular issues in a scientifically concise and easily understood manner." (Quote from the homepage itself) Shellfish, trumpeter swans, osprey eggs are a few examples.
Section 10.3: Conservation
A site about creating a patchwork of naturally landscaped yards throughout BC. See the Ambassadors page for ideas about how Naturescape may be working in your community
This is the Native plants society of BC. The list of nurseries may be a good resource for the habitat project at the end of the unit.
This Web site is part of the Salmon River Watershed Roundtable. It has an excellent slide show of before and after shots of the restoration work.
Tech.CONNECT: Jackets from Pop Bottles
This site gives good basic information about the use of recycled pop bottles.
This site explains the process in a more detailed way than in the tech connect.
Section 10.4: Personal Choices Affect Habitats
EarthCARE provides guidance for school boards on protecting the planet and providing environmental stewardship. This site has a small list of stories that have an environmental theme, and some graded lesson plans available in PDF
A good section on increasing the energy efficiency of your home.
Interesting articles, based on the idea of alternatives to landfills- zero waste. This site has won 2 awards, and offers links to two interactive websites on climate change.
Section 10.5: Traditional Aboriginal Cultures and Habitats
Topics and Issues about conservation from a First Nations' Point of View, and how they approach environmental matters
Unit C: Making Connections: Help a Habitat
Program and information about becoming a "Blue school" one that cares about oceans.
Information from the Canadian Wildlife Federation, about Ocean's Day on June 8. Suggestions for class activities.
Students are trained through a BC hydro presentation to become energy detectives. They then find ways to make their schools more energy efficient.
This site is the Toyota Evergreen Learning Grounds and is in the interest of " Transforming the outdoor landscape of Canada's schools"