Section 1.1 : What Is Weather
This resource gives simple definitions for all things related to the atmosphere. There are also technical links if you want to learn even more about each topic.
This online game which will take you through all the different steps of the water cycle, as you try to get "Droplet" back to its home in the clouds.
Section 1.2: Observing and Measuring Weather
Use these activities to construct your own barometer, rain gauge, wind scale tool.
Simple explanation about heat (thermal energy).
Section 1.3:Measuring Temperature
With this activity, you can learn to read the temperature both in Celsius and Fahrenheit, as well as make a temperature graph to use as an accurate weather observation tool.
Section 1.4:Measuring Precipitation
This activity helps you construct a rain gauge, and helps you understand the different levels of rainfall over a period of time.
This article briefly describes the steps to measure snowfall.
Section 1.5:Measuring Cloud Cover
A brief description on the composition and function of clouds.
Section 1.6: Measuring Wind
Instructions for you to make your own anemometer to measure wind speed.
Marine forecasts, and unusual terms used to describe different wind speeds for sailors.
Section 1.7: Measuring Air Pressure
A newspaper article about how different kinds of barometers work.
Section 1.8: Finding Weather Information
An interactive map of Canada which will give you the weather conditions for the major Canadian city you click on.
Puzzles and activities about climate.
Section 2.1: Weather and the Seasons
For the strong reader, neat experiments and examples for you to understand why summer and winter have such different weather patterns.
Section 2.2: The Effect of Mountains and Oceans on Our Climate
An introduction to the oceans with lots of facts, and helpful links to further Ocean-related sites
A short description and diagram of how rainfall patterns are affected by mountains.
Section 2.3: Weather Patterns in Different Places
A list of radio channels which constantly broadcast current weather information for your area.
Weather data for the biggest 100 cities in Canada, as prepared by Environment Canada.
Try This Activity: Question 7
Section 2.5: Using Air Pressure to Predict Weather
All the terms related to air pressure are explained here, and how air pressure relates to weather.
A simple explanation of air pressure illustrated with diagrams.
Section 2.6: Using Clouds to Predict Weather
Information about the three main types of clouds and the other types that result when they combine.
Photos of different types of clouds, and the type of weather conditions they predict.
Tech.CONNECT: Weather Satellites
Satellite pictures of the weather animated to show regional weather patterns over an extended period of time.
Section 3.1: Weather Affects Non-Living Things
A fun and informative way to learn and report about erosion.
Good descriptions of how rocks are formed and how erosion plays a big part of that process.
Section 3.2: Seasonal Weather Affects Living Things
Illustrations and facts about many migrating animals. Also on this site are facts about hibernating animal species.
The strategies animals will use to survive the harsh winter conditions in the Arctic.
Section 3.3: Winter Weather Affects British Columbians
Here you can find out about the five climatic zones and mountain and coastal weather for British Columbia.
Section 3.3: Extreme Weather Events Affect Living and Non-Living Things
Many articles about the atmosphere; See the link for "DAAC study: Dropping in on a Hurricane"
This New England observatory has recorded some of the most extreme weather conditions of any observatory in the world. Check out the information link for the full story about the 327 kph wind.
ScienceWORKS: The UV Index: A Canadian Success Story
Angus Fergusson: The Canadian who started the Children's UV Index Sun Awareness Program.
General Unit Links:
This site takes to you links where you can learn about sound and light by using the Search Nova box. Simply type in what you are interested in within the topics of Light and Sound and check out what is available. Sound, video, and text are available.
A good overview of light with simple drawings.
Section 4.1: What Is Light?
This site uses a Fresnel lens to roast marshmallows. A Fresnel lens is a lens similar to the circular pattern you see under an overhead projector glass. You can get inexpensive plastic Fresnel lenses in many book shops where they are sold to magnify book print. Science stores also have them as do science supply houses.
This site discussed how to make a solar cooker, with kids who have tested different types of solar cookers.
Section 4.2: Natural Light
This site has a self-guided tour of the Northern Lights and other auroras seen from earth and from space.
A great site for volcano information, pictures and movies. It features current eruptions as well as historical ones. One very special volcano to look at is Eldfel on the Island of Hiemay where the people actually were photographed in the light from the volcano as they saved their town and harbour from the lava flows.
A source of all kinds of information and pictures of the Sun and the light it produces.
A National Geographic site on lightning with good text and photos.
This site explains meteors and has a few more pages on meteor showers and other facts about our solar system and its travellers.
This site has a great deal of information about Earth's Moon.
Awesome SCIENCE: Creatures That Glow
This site gives much information on living things that produce light. It is very complete and has more photos of the animals found in this feature.
Section 4.3: Artificial Light
A diagram of a light bulb and some history of its inventors.
Discussion of the history of lamps using Roman examples.
A good explanation of the history of candlelight as well as other links to candle information.
A history and explanation of fireworks.
Wonderful explanations and diagrams of all kinds of fireworks including sparklers.
Description of how neon lighting is made and how the colours are produced.
This site is an excellent but concise tutorial on the properties of light used in this chapter with clear diagrams and a separate page for each property.
Section 5.1: Light Travels in a Straight Line
Excellent photographs of light rays traveling in straight lines.
This site has a good example of the Try This Activity, as well as a demonstration of an interactive angle of reflection.
Section 5.2: Light Behaves in Different Ways in Different Materials
Scroll down past the exhibit by Daniel Buren, to the Art Explorations section to find the integration of art and light science introduced, with great explanations of how these properties can be explored using paint.
Section 5.3: Reflected Light
An interactive example of mirror reflection where you can move the ray to show how the angle of incidence changes.
This site has several diagrams of light being reflected with clear captions.
Section 5.4: Refraction
A neat applet (animated diagram) that allows you to vary the angle of the light hitting water and seeing two things - how the angle of refraction changes and how the object is magnified as seen in the pencil in the water photo in the Try This activity in the student book.
Section 5.5: Light Can be Separated into Colours
A neat applet (animated diagram) that lets you move the wavelength bar and see the parts of the electromagnetic spectrum including infrared and ultraviolet.
Great description of what makes up a sound wave.
Section 6.1: What is Sound?
This site provides a good description of the definition of sound plus other topics.
Section 6.2: Sound is Caused by Vibrations
This site has a full description of sound, presented in a kid-friendly manner.
Click on any of the different parts of this illustrated ear to see full descriptions of that part.it's an interactive learning experience.
This site describes how humans detect sound vibrations.
How Other Animals Detect Sound:
This site is a general description of animals and their senses.
Chapter 7: We can observe the properties of sound.
Several properties of sound are explained clearly in this site. (For the more advanced reader).
Section 7.1: Sound Waves
This site has good descriptions and visuals of sound waves as well as diagrams illustrating loudness and pitch.
Section 7.2: Loudness
Explanation of how humans sense loud sounds.
Section 7.3: Pitch
Here you'll find a brief description of pitch, with illustrations
This site allows you to look at an animation of the Doppler effect which is experienced in the Try This Activity-Spinning Penny.
Section 7.4: What Sounds do Animals Hear?
This is an article about how these animals warn each other of danger.
This site lists many other animals than those listed in the student book, and their range of hearing.
Section 7.5: Conduct an Investigation: What Materials Can Sound Travel Through?
A clear description of why sound travels fastest in solids plus a table of various substances and how fast through these solids sound travels.
Section 7.6: Transmitting Sound
Same site as in Section 7.5
Section 7.7: Reflecting Sounds
An interesting animation of an echo. The text can be read by the computer if necessary or desired.
Section 7.8: Absorbing Sounds
This article describes a use of a room that has been designed so there are no echoes or ambient noise. It is used to accurately measure how much sound an object produces. (for the strong reader)
Footage of sea otters
Section 8.1: What Habitats Provide
Information about the different creatures that live all over the world.
Section 8.2: Different Habitats Have Different Features
Learn what changes are happening to the habitat of the pallid bats, and why they are on the endangered species list.
Where the rare whooping crane calls home.
This is an interactive way to learn about different animals and their habitats.
Section 8.3: Construct an Investigation: What Is the Best Habitat for Mealworms?
A description of mealworms and where they can be found.
Section 8.4: What Are Adaptations?
Navigate to the Games section to play the animal adaptation game.
More information about the different types of plant adaptations.
Section 8.5: Structural Adaptations
Learn the different structural adaptations of penguins living in their extremely cold habitat.
Here you can read about the structural adaptations of the common chameleon.
Section 8.6: Behavioural Adaptations
Navigate to the NatureFiles Section to learn more behavioural adaptations of five different animals.
A powerpoint slideshow with facts and pictures about several animals and how they've adapted to their habitat.
Section 8.7: Responses That Help Plants Adapt
Information about how plants survive in a desert habitat.
Section 8.8: What Lives Here?
This is Environment Canada's Youth website; besides being a place where you can get information on animals and ecosystems across Canada, you can also find information on how you can get involved with protecting your local wildlife habitats.
Climate changes, even small ones, will affect natural habitats and all the animals living there. This site will answer many questions you might have about climate change and how it affects the habitats of B.C.
Section 9.1: Populations and Communities
A history of life forms on our planet, from the first algae to the modern animal kingdom, all in a few paragraphs! The third section talks about how animals are organized in communities and populations.
Section 9.2: How Plants and Animals Get Food
This article explains the terms above, and illustrates how the three types live together in the same habitat.
Click on the blue terms in this webpage to learn more about each of the three types of consumers, and how they keep a fine balance of food sources in their habitat.
Explanation of a vegetarian diet.
Section 9.3: Food Chains
Download this software to build your own food chain.
This site discusses the food chain and how you fit into that chain. (If you click on any of the words in blue, you'll link to more information about those terms).
Section 9.4: Changes in Food Chains
A short presentation which illustrates the need for balance in the food chain.
Section 9.5: Food Webs are Made of Food Chains
If you want a clear and simple example of the difference between the two, this is it.
At the bottom of the page there's a link to a fun activity you can click on, where you point and click to create your own Food Chain.
This is a conservation education club from Canada Fisheries and Oceans, for kids 8-15 to join.
This good Canadian site has games, activities, and printable pages. Topics to choose from are Environmental issues, Wildlife, Energy, Earth and Science.
The kid-friendly version of The David Suzuki Foundation site. There is a Nature Challenge list for younger students and an activity page for different challenges, as well as information about conservation.
This site provides access to the Young Naturalist's association. Students who join receive a kit which includes a magazine called NatureWILD.
Find out information about shoreline cleanups being done around Canada.
Section 10.1: Human Actions Affect Habitats
Follow national geographic Explorer J. Michael Fay on his 15 month tour across the remote Congo, and see videos and hear commentary about how this part of the world would have looked like over 3600 years ago, before the arrival of humans.
These are some good examples of how humans affect the habitats in which they live. It also talks about the rise of environmentalism since the 1960s.
Section 10.2: The Effects of Changes in Habitats
Click on any animal in this Endangered species list to find a fact sheet about them, including information on its habitat, current population and behaviour.
Certain species are monitored to assess the health of ecosystems. Shellfish, trumpeter swans, and osprey eggs are a few examples.
Section 10.3: Conservation
A site about creating a patchwork of naturally landscaped yards throughout BC. See the Ambassadors page for ideas about how Naturescape may be working in your community.
This site is part of the Salmon River Watershed Roundtable. It has an excellent slide show of before and after shots of the restoration work.
Information about the Vancouver Island Marmot.
Section 10.4: Personal Choices Affect Habitats
This site has a good section on increasing the energy efficiency of your home.
Join the nature challenge with ten things you can do to protect nature and the environment.
Section 10.5: Traditional Aboriginal Cultures and Habitats
This is the site of the Nkmip Desert and Heritage Center. The picture gallery gives an idea of the habitat.
Chapter 10 Review
Information about threatened and endangered species in Canada
Unit C: Making Connections: Help a Habitat
This site contains information from the Canadian Wildlife Federation about Oceans Day on June 8. They have also included suggestions for class activities.
Students are trained through a BC Hydro presentation to become energy detectives. They then find ways to make their schools more energy efficient.
The official website of the Young Naturalists of B.C. Membership in the club includes a quarterly magazine subscription to NatureWILD, and involves students in environmentally helpful activities and projects.