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Unit 10B Chapter 2 Quiz



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which of the following is an example of a prokaryote?
a.
protists
b.
archaea
c.
fungi
d.
Amoeba
 

 2. 

Which organelle’s function is to support the cell and to allow some substances to enter while keeping other substances out?
a.
cytoplasm
b.
cell membrane
c.
nucleus
d.
mitochondria
 

 3. 

Which organelle collects and processes materials to be removed from the cell?
a.
Golgi bodies
b.
vacuoles
c.
endoplasmic reticulum
d.
mitochondria
 

 4. 

Which of the following organelles is present in a plant cell but not in an animal cell?
a.
cytoplasm
b.
nucleus
c.
mitochondria
d.
chloroplast
 

 5. 

In which form of reproduction do offspring have genetic information from two different parents?
a.
asexual reproduction
b.
sexual reproduction
c.
all of the above
d.
none of the above
 

 6. 

About how long does it take your body to replace each red blood cell?
a.
1 day
b.
12 days
c.
120 days
d.
1200 days
 

 7. 

The phase of the cell cycle that is usually the longest, when a cell prepares for cell division, is called
a.
mitosis
b.
cytokinesis
c.
interphase
d.
prophase
 

 8. 

The correct sequence for the four phases of mitosis is:
a.
anaphase, metaphase, prophase, telophase
b.
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
c.
metaphase, prophase, anaphase, telophase
d.
telophase, anaphase, prophase, metaphase
 

 9. 

During which phase of mitosis do all of the chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell?
a.
prophase
b.
metaphase
c.
anaphase
d.
telophase
 

 10. 

What is the final stage of cell division, when the cytoplasm divides, producing two genetically identical daughter cells?
a.
interphase
b.
mitosis
c.
cytokinesis
d.
telophase
 

 11. 

A tumour that does not affect surrounding tissues other than by physically crowding them is
called a
a.
benign tumour
b.
malignant tumour
c.
primary tumour
d.
secondary tumour
 

 12. 

Which imaging technology uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to create detailed images?
a.
X-ray images
b.
ultrasound imaging
c.
computerized axial tomography
d.
magnetic resonance imaging
 

 13. 

Which method of medical treatment involves using drugs to slow or stop cancer cells from dividing or spreading?
a.
surgery
b.
chemotherapy
c.
radiation
d.
biophotonics
 

 14. 

Which of the following is a true statement regarding cells?
a.
Every cell comes from a previously existing cell.
b.
All cells within an organism are exactly alike.
c.
Every cell can digest food, fight disease, and carry nutrients.
d.
All cells within an organism have the same number of organelles.
 

 15. 

Muscle cells, which use a great deal of energy, contain many
a.
Golgi bodies
b.
ribosomes
c.
mitochondria
d.
vacuoles
 

 16. 

Photosynthetic plant cells collect energy from sunlight to make sugar for the plant.  They contain many
a.
ribosomes
b.
chloroplasts
c.
vacuoles
d.
mitochondria
 

 17. 

Which of the following is a true statement related to the cell theory?
a.
All living things are made up of one or more cells and their products.
b.
Tissue is the simplest unit that can carry out all life processes.
c.
All cells come from non-living matter.
d.
all of the above
 

 18. 

Which organelle controls all cell activities?
a.
cell membrane
b.
nucleus
c.
mitochondria
d.
endoplasmic reticulum
 

 19. 

The movement of a fluid across a membrane toward an area of high solute concentration is called
a.
diffusion
b.
osmosis
c.
mitosis
d.
cytokinesis
 

 20. 

Which of the phases of mitosis is shown in the following figure?
mc020-1.jpg
a.
prophase
b.
metaphase
c.
anaphase
d.
telophase
 



 
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