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Nelson Education > School > Elementary Social Studies > InfoCanada > Teacher Centre > The Canadian Shield > Location and Landscape

The Canadian Shield: Location and Landscape Teacher Centre

Web Links

These Web sites will provide you with background information.

Answer Key

Canada's Earth Materials


Web Links

Canadian Landscapes

This Web site provides the opportunity to view some of the interesting landscapes and landform features of the Canadian Shield through a series of photographs. To access these excellent images, select the region and a keyword (optional) from the list of specific types of landforms.

Geoscape Canada

For information about the formation of the Canadian Shield, go to this Geoscape Canada Web site. Its interactive map viewer allows students to see the ancient geological features of the Canadian Shield and to understand how these features came together.


This Web site is a good companion site for the interactive map viewer at Geoscape Canada. It provides a written explanation about the formation of the Canadian Shield. Students can learn more about the formation and basic composition of the Shield. The site also explains the concept of geological "provinces."


Answer Key

Canada's Earth Materials


The Web site from Natural Resources Canada shows details of the rock structures and earth materials in the Canadian Shield in maps and photographs. Students are asked to visually compare the outline map of the Canadian Shield to the pattern formed by the main rocks in the Shield. Then they are asked to compare two photographs to identify rock and vegetation patterns.


After students have completed the activity, review their responses to the Web site evaluation and discuss the reasons for their answers.



Answer Key


3. The legend shows that the two pink-coloured rocks are Granitic and Gneissic . You should point out the proper pronunciation of gneissic ( nice-ic ) to students.


6.    Figure 32: Volcanic Rock

- square patterns on the land formed by hard rock

- softer rock erodes away from the ridges

- the pattern is grid-like

- water gathers in the depressions

- swampy vegetation grows there


        Figure 33: Folded Gneiss

- there are rock layers on the surface

- the layers curve or fold in patterns

- there is little soil

- the water's edge meets the rocky shore

- pine trees grow there

- soil is shallow or absent altogether


7. Plants have difficulty growing in shallow soil.



Click here to view the student activity.