Name:    Lesson 5: Solving Problems by Conducting Experiments

1.

A bag contains red, blue, yellow, purple, and green marbles. Use this diagram to answer the following questions.

Select the more reasonable statement.
 a. The probability of taking out a green marble is greater than the probability of taking out a red marble. b. The probability of taking out a red marble is less than the probability of taking out a green marble. c. The probability of taking out a yellow marble is less than taking out a green marble. d. The probability of taking out a purple marble is greater than taking out a blue marble.

2.

Select the more reasonable statement.
 a. The probability of taking out a blue marble is greater than the probability of taking out a purple marble. b. The probability of taking out a red marble is less than the probability of taking out a yellow marble. c. The probability of taking out a blue marble is less than the probability of taking out a green marble. d. The probability of taking out a red marble is greater than the probability of taking out a yellow marble.

3.

Which outcome is more likely to occur?
 a. taking out a purple marble c. taking out a blue marble b. taking out a green marble d. taking out a red marble

4.

Which outcome is less likely to occur?
 a. taking out a red marble c. taking out a green marble b. taking out a yellow marble d. taking out a purple marble

5.

Which two marbles are equally likely to be taken out of the bag?
 a. yellow and green c. blue and red b. blue and yellow d. purple and red

6.

Maria’s coin jar contains 40 coins. Use this table to answer the following questions.

 Coin Number of coins Toonie 5 Loonie 4 Quarter 8 Dime 5 Nickel 6 Penny 12

Which coin is Maria more likely to pick from the jar?
 a. penny b. toonie c. nickel d. quarter

7.

Which coin is Maria less likely to pick from the jar?
 a. dime b. penny c. quarter d. loonie

8.

Which coins are equally likely to be picked from the jar?
 a. penny and loonie c. quarter and loonie b. toonie and dime d. dime and penny

9.

Select the more reasonable statement.
 a. Picking a quarter is more likely than  picking a penny. b. Picking a nickel is less likely than picking a toonie. c. Picking a loonie is less likely than picking a dime. d. Picking a loonie is more likely than picking a quarter.

10.

Select the more reasonable statement.
 a. Picking a dime is more likely than picking a toonie. b. Picking a penny is less likely than picking a nickel. c. Picking a nickel is less likely than picking a dime. d. Picking a quarter is more likely than picking a toonie.