Introduction to Political Philosophy & Ideologiess

On this page you will find many links to the lives and works of a wide range of important political philosophers. Their ideas have profoundly shaped the ideologies that underlie modern political systems: liberalism, conservatism, socialism, feminism, and anarchism. 

 

ANCIENT PHILOSOPHERS

Aristotle (384-211 b.c.)  Biography

Selected titles available on-line: 

Confucius (551-479 b.c.)

Plato (429-347 b.c.) Selected titles available on-line:

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EARLY POLITICAL WRITINGS

Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) Biography

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Nicolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) Selected title available on-line:

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EARLY MODERN POLITICAL WRITINGS

Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) Biography

Selected titles available on-line:

Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) Biography

Selected titles available on-line:

Biography

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Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) Selected titles available on-line:

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CLASSICAL LIBERAL WRITINGS

John Locke (632-1704) Selected titles available on-line:

John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)

Selected titles available on-line:

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CLASSIC CONSERVATIVE WRITINGS

Edmund Burke (1729-1797) Overview Selected titles available on-line:

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EARLY COMMUNIST WRITINGS

Karl Marx (1818-1883) Biography by Frederick Engels

Selected titles available on-line:

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TWENTIETH-CENTURY POLITICAL WRITINGS

Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) Biography and overview

A number of Russell's writings are available on-line. Selected titles include:

Ayn Rand (1905-1982) Biography and overview

Selected extracts of her works available on-line:

Noam Chomsky (1928- ) Biography

For information and links to other political philosophers, connect to:

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FEMINISM

An important development in modern political thought has been the impact of feminism. While not an ideology, feminist approaches to philosophy and political issues have broad applications.

One of the earliest arguments for women's rights was Mary Wollstonecraft's book, A Vindication of the Rights of Women, which was written partially in response to Thomas Paine's The Rights of Man.

Connections to a wide variety of feminist resources are provided by:

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ANARCHISM

Anarchism is a philosophy with many variations, but the central belief is that hierarchy and imposed authority are harmful to human society. To find out more, read An Introduction to Anarchism.

You can also visit various anarchist sites on the Web.

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E-TEXT COLLECTIONS

Several group provide full text versions of classic writings online:

Alex Catalogue of Electronic Texts

Bartleby.com

The Online Books Page

Project Gutenberg

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