General, Organic, and Biochemistry, Hybrid Edition, 2nd Edition
- includes OWLv2 24-Months Printed Access Card
- James Armstrong
- ISBN-10: 1285461436
- ISBN-13: 9781285461434
- 688 Pages | Paperback
- COPYRIGHT: 2015 Published
Reflecting Cengage Learning's commitment to offering flexible teaching solutions and value for students and instructors, this new hybrid version features the instructional presentation found in the printed text while delivering all the end-of chapter exercises online in OWLv2, the leading online learning system for chemistry. The result—a briefer printed text that engages students online! Help your students improve their grades and understanding of concepts with this value-packed Hybrid Edition. An access code to OWLV2 WITH MINDTAP READER, is included with the text, providing students with powerful online resources that include tutorials, simulations, randomized homework questions, videos, a complete interactive electronic version of the textbook, and more! Focusing on the needs of allied health and nursing majors, this engaging book is ideal for students who have had no prior exposure to chemistry. The author takes the time to explain how to do tasks that students find difficult, rather than just providing terse descriptions. Emphasizing problem-solving techniques without skipping steps and using terms students can grasp, the book takes the most direct path to biomolecules and metabolic processes, provides a wealth of worked examples to help students understand key chemical concepts, includes novel and relevant "Health Notes" in the margins, and weaves biological and medical applications throughout.
"I think the health notes and chapter introductions are well done. The chapter introductions provides students with motivation for learning the material and a real-life situation to which this material will apply."- PJ Ball, Northern Kentucky University
— PJ Ball
1. MEASUREMENTS IN SCIENCE AND MEDICINE.
Measuring size: distance, mass, and volume. Measurements in science: precision and accuracy. Metric units and their relationships. Unit conversions and conversion factors. Using multiple conversion factors. Density, dosage, and other compound units
Temperature. Connections: Why Do We Struggle Against the Metric System?
2. ATOMS, ELEMENTS, AND COMPOUNDS.
Classifying matter: mixtures, compounds, and elements. Atoms and atomic structure
Electron shells and valence electrons. An introduction to the periodic table. Isotopes and atomic weight. Moles. Compounds, chemical formulas, and moles. Connections: The Elements of Life.
3. CHEMICAL BONDS.
Covalent bonds and the octet rule. Double and triple bonds. Electronegativity and polar bonds. Naming covalent compounds. Ions and ionic compounds. Writing formula for ionic compounds. Naming ionic compounds. Polyatomic ions. Recognizing ionic and molecular compounds. Connections: Nitrogen and Oxygen: A Remarkable Partnership.
4. ENERGY AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES.
Heat and energy. The three states of matter. The properties of gases. Gas law calculations. Attractive forces and the physical properties of matter. Solutions and the dissolving process. Electrolytes and dissociation. Connections: Temperature, Pressure, and Volume in Everyday Life.
5. SOLUTION CONCENTRATION.
Concentration. Solubility. The relationship between solubility and molecular structure. Molarity. Osmosis, dialysis, and tonicity. Equivalents. Dilution. Connections: Physiological Dehydration.
6. CHEMICAL REACTIONS.
Physical changes and chemical reactions. Chemical equations. Mass relationships in a chemical reaction. Heats of reaction. Combustion reactions and the carbon cycle.
Reaction rate and activation energy. Chemical equilibrium. Connections: Energy from Food.
7. ACIDS AND BASES.
The self-ionization of water. The pH scale. Properties of acids. Properties of bases. Acid-base reactions. Amphiprotic molecules and ions. Buffers. The role of buffers in human physiology. Connections: Consequences of Blood pH Changes.
8. NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY.
Nuclear symbols. Writing nuclear equations. Energy and nuclear reactions. Measuring radiation. Radiation sources and shielding. Nuclear decay and half-life.
Nuclear fission and fusion. Connections: Diagnostic Imaging.
9. HYDROCARBONS: AN INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIC MOLECULES.
The special properties of carbon. Linear alkanes: the foundation of organic chemistry.
Branched alkanes, cycloalkanes, and isomers. Naming branched alkanes: the IUPAC system. Functional groups. Alkenes and alkynes. Cis and trans isomers of alkenes. Benzene and aromatic compounds. Properties of hydrocarbons. Connections: High-Octane Hydrocarbons.
10. HYDRATION, DEHYDRATION, AND ALCOHOLS.
The hydration reaction. Controlling the product: an introduction to enzymes. Naming alcohols. The physical properties of alcohols. Chirality in organic molecules.
The dehydration reaction. Phenols and thiols. Connections: Alcohols for Drinking – Or Not.
11. CARBONYL COMPOUNDS AND REDOX REACTIONS.
Hydrogenation and dehydrogenation. Oxidation and reduction reactions and the carbonyl group. The naming and properties of aldehydes and ketones. Other oxidation and reduction reactions. Carboxylic acids. Biological oxidations and reductions: the redox coenzymes. Introduction to metabolic pathways. Connections: Fragrances and Flavors.
12. ORGANIC ACIDS AND BASES.
Reactions of organic acids. Decarboxylation reactions. Amines. Acid-base reactions of amines. The physiological behavior of organic acids and bases. Connections: Messing With Your Mind: The Power of Tryptamines.
13. CONDENSATION AND HYDROLYSIS REACTIONS.
An introduction to condensation reactions: ethers. Esterification, amidation, and phosphorylation. Condensation polymers. Hydrolysis. The effect of pH on the products of hydrolysis. The ATP cycle. Connections: Common Pain Relievers.
Amino acids. Peptide bonds and the secondary structure of a protein. Side chain interactions and tertiary structure. Protein denaturation. Enzyme structure and function. Sources and metabolism of amino acids. Connections: Enzyme Assays in Medicine.
Monosaccharides. Isomeric forms of monosaccharides: anomers and enantiomers. Disaccharides and the glycosidic linkage. Common disaccharides and polysaccharides. Carbohydrate catabolism. Connections: The Importance of Blood Glucose.
16. LIPIDS AND MEMBRANES.
Fatty acids and triglycerides. Chemical reactions of triglycerides. Catabolism of fatty acids. Glycerophospholipids and cell membranes. Concentration gradients and ATP formation. Connections: Brown Adipose Tissue and Uncouplers.
17. NUCLEIC ACIDS, PROTEIN SYNTHESIS, AND HEREDITY.
Nucleotides. Structures of nucleic acids. DNA replication. Transcription and RNA processing. Translation and the genetic code. The mechanism of protein synthesis. Mutations and genetic disorders. Connections: The Human Genome Project and Genetic Screening.
Appendix A: Mathematics Supplement.
Appendix B: Summary of Organic Functional Groups.
Appendix C: Answers to Selected Problems.
All supplements have been updated in coordination with the Main title.
Please see Main title page for new to this edition information.
Search for this text at login.CENGAGE.com and choose Instructor Companion Site to access these digital resources for this text: 1) PowerPoint® lecture slides by Melanie Harvey and Krista Thomas of Johnson County Community College; 2) Image libraries for figures, photographs, and numbered tables; 3) Instructor's Manual by Simon Bott of University of Houston, Calhoun; 3) Sample chapters from the Student Solutions Manual. 4) List of end-of-chapter questions that you can assign in OWLv2; 5) Cognero® online testing software with questions by Bette Kreua of University of Michigan, Dearborn; 6) Chemistry Multimedia Library of lecture-ready animations, simulations, and movies.Student Solutions Manual (ISBN-10: 1285461770 | ISBN-13: 9781285461779)
This manual features complete, worked-out solutions to all the odd-numbered problems. The solutions are specifically designed to complement the worked examples in the core text.OWLv2 24-Months Instant Access (ISBN-10: 128546009X | ISBN-13: 9781285460093)
Created by teaching chemists, OWLv2 is a powerful online learning system for chemistry with a unique Mastery Learning approach, which allows students to practice at their own pace, receive meaningful feedback and access a variety of learning resources to help them master chemistry and achieve better grades.Student Solutions Manual 24-Months Instant Access (ISBN-10: 1285461754 | ISBN-13: 9781285461755)
Students can use this ISBN to purchase instant access at www.CENGAGEbrain.com to the eBook for the Student Solutions Manual. This manual features complete, worked-out solutions to all the odd-numbered problems. The solutions are specifically designed to complement the worked examples in the core text in both style and presentation.
Containing worked out solutions to all odd-numbered problems in the book, this manual shows you how to approach and solve problems using the same step-by-step explanations found in your textbook examples.OWLv2 24-Months Instant Access (ISBN-10: 128546009X | ISBN-13: 9781285460093)
Your ticket to better chemistry grades OWLv2 is a proven system to help you succeed. Its Mastery Learning approach allows you to practice at your own pace, receive meaningful feedback and use learning resources to help you achieve better grades. Know what’s important OWLv2 concentrates on what’s most important—understanding chemistry concepts—and its technology lets you work the way that’s best for you Discover the relevance of your lessons Interactive simulations, visualizations, and tutorials integrated smoothly into your lessons. The more you learn, the better prepared you are to solve problems and analyze information – which helps you succeed in exams and in the workplace. Master the content Problems that challenge you to think about the concepts, and a platform that lets you practice what you’ve learned. OWLv2 moves you up the levels from memorization to mastery in a supportive learning environment. Student Testimonial: “I dropped the class first semester due to poor performance on quizzes. There was no OWL offered. This semester I currently have an A and I greatly attest this to OWL.” 1st-Year Student General Chemistry I, University of Dayton CTA: Ask your instructor about OWLv2 for this course. Visit us online: www.cengage.com/OWLv2Student Solutions Manual 24-Months Instant Access (ISBN-10: 1285461754 | ISBN-13: 9781285461755)
The eBook for the Student Solutions Manual. Containing worked-out solutions to all odd-numbered problems in the book, this manual illustrates how to approach and solve problems using the same step-by-step explanations found in your textbook examples.