Nelson Higher Education

Higher Education

General, Organic, and Biochemistry: An Applied Approach, 1st Edition

  • James Armstrong
  • ISBN-10: 0534493491
  • ISBN-13: 9780534493493
  • 832 Pages | Hardcover
  • COPYRIGHT: 2012 Published
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Overview

About the Product

Focusing on the needs of allied health and nursing majors, this engaging book is ideal for students who have had no prior exposure to chemistry. The author takes the time to explain how to do tasks that students find difficult, rather than just providing terse descriptions. Emphasizing problem-solving techniques without skipping steps and using terms students can grasp, the book takes the most direct path to biomolecules and metabolic processes, provides a wealth of worked examples to help students understand key chemical concepts, includes novel and relevant "Health Notes" in the margins, and weaves biological and medical applications throughout.

Features

  • DESIGNED FOR NURSING AND HEALTH SCIENCES MAJORS. This allied health-focused book takes the most direct path to biomolecules and metabolic processes, includes novel and relevant "Health Notes" in the margins, and weaves biological and medical applications throughout to prepare students for their future careers.

  • EMPHASIS ON PROBLEM SOLVING STRATEGIES. Each Sample Problem is paired with a closely related "Try It Yourself" question. Most sample problems list additional Core Problems that students can do to practice new skills. Steps for solving the conversion problems appear in the margins to guide students through the problem-solving process.

  • FOCUSED ON STUDENT LEARNING. Each chapter begins with a short health-related, 'story type' introduction, followed by numbered sections with learning objectives. Section-ending Core Problems immediately reinforce the section objectives and help students' gauge their knowledge of the content. Key Terms appear in boldface type the first time they are used and are collected at the back of the chapter to facilitate student review.

  • BUILT-IN STUDY GUIDE. End-of-chapter material (keyed to each section) helps students master chapter concepts and problem-solving skills and review for quizzes and tests. Concept Questions encourage students to describe how the ideas in the chapter apply to specific examples, while Summary and Challenge Problems cover all sections and give instructors the opportunity to assign questions at a wide range of levels. Challenge problems are marked with an asterisk and require a greater depth of understanding; many involve concepts from earlier chapters.

  • OWL INTEGRATION. Improve student learning outcomes with OWL, the #1 online homework and learning system for chemistry. Developed by chemistry instructors for teaching chemistry, OWL includes course management tools that make homework management a breeze, as well as advanced reporting and grade book features that save time in grading homework and tracking student progress. OWL enables you to address students' different learning styles through tutorials, simulations, visualization exercises, and algorithmically-generated homework questions with answer-specific feedback. With OWL's mastery learning approach, students work at their own pace until they understand each concept/skill. OWL includes an eBook, enhanced with multimedia learning tools.

  • EXPERT REVIEW: The entire text was reviewed by Nursing Professor Kellee Hollyman, RN,BSN, MN-Nurse Educator to ensure the relevance and accuracy of the health material.

About the Author

James Armstrong

Jim Armstrong attended Harvard University as an undergraduate student and then moved to the West coast for graduate school. Since earning his Master's degree at the University of California at Berkeley, Jim has taught in the California community college system. He has been on the faculty of City College of San Francisco for the past 20 years, during which time he has taught the full range of lower-division chemistry courses, with particular emphasis on the single-term GOB course. Ten years ago, he collaborated with the CCSF biology and nursing departments on an extensive revision of the GOB curriculum, and the success of the course revision led to the writing of this textbook. Besides teaching and writing, Jim enjoys playing piano and trombone, collecting topographic maps, bird watching, and doting on his wonderful twin daughters.

Table of Contents

1. MEASUREMENTS IN SCIENCE AND MEDICINE.
Measuring Size: Distance, Mass, and Volume. Metric Units and Their Relationships. Rounding and Precision In Measurements. Unit Conversions and Conversion Factors. Rounding and Significant Figures. Temperature. Density, Dosage, and Other Compound Units.
2. ATOMS, ELEMENTS, AND COMPOUNDS.
Classifying Matter: Mixtures, Compounds, and Elements. The Chemical Elements: An Introduction to the Periodic Table. Atoms. Subatomic Particles and Atomic Structure.
Isotopes And Atomic Weight. Chemical Formulas. Electron Shells. Chemical Behavior, Valence Electrons, and the Periodic Law. The Organization of the Periodic Table.
3. CHEMICAL BONDS.
Covalent Bonds and the Octet Rule. Double And Triple Bonds. Drawing Lewis Structures for Complex Molecules. Electronegativity and Polar Bonds. Naming Covalent Compounds. Ions and Ionic Compounds. Writing Formulas for Ionic Compounds. Naming Ionic Compounds. Polyatomic Ions. Recognizing Ionic and Molecular Compounds.
4. ENERGY AND THE PHYSICAL BEHAVIOR OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES.
Heat and Energy. The Three States of Matter. The Properties of Gases. Changes of State. Attractive Forces and the Physical Properties of Matter.
5. SOLUTIONS AND CONCENTRATION.
Solutions and the Dissolving Process. Electrolytes and Dissociation. Solubility. The Relationship Between Solubility and Molecular Structure. Concentration. Moles and Formula Weights. Molarity. Osmosis, Dialysis, And Tonicity. Equivalents. Dilution.
6. CHEMICAL REACTIONS.
Physical Changes and Chemical Reactions. Chemical Equations. Mass Relationships in a Chemical Reaction. Heats of Reaction. Combustion and Precipitation Reactions. Reaction Rate and Activation Energy. Chemical Equilibrium.
7. ACIDS AND BASES.
The Self-Ionization of Water. The Ph Scale. The Properties of Acids. The Properties of Bases. Acid-Base Reactions. Amphiprotic Molecules and Ions. Buffers.The Role of Buffers in Human Physiology.
8. HYDROCARBONS – AN INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIC MOLECULES.
The Special Properties of Carbon. Linear Alkanes: The Foundation of Organic Chemistry. Branched Alkanes, Cycloalkanes, and Isomers. Naming Branched Alkanes: The IUPAC System. Functional Groups. Alkenes and Alkynes. Geometric Isomers. Benzene and Aromatic Compounds. The Properties of Hydrocarbons.
9. HYDRATION, DEHYDRATION AND ALCOHOLS.
The Hydration Reaction. Controlling the Product – An Introduction to Enzymes. Naming Alcohols. The Physical Properties of Alcohols. The Dehydration Reaction. Phenols and Thiols.
10. CARBONYL COMPOUNDS AND REDOX REACTIONS.
Hydrogenation and Dehydrogenation. Oxidation and Reductions. Reactions and the Carbonyl Group. The Naming and Properties of Aldehydes and Ketones. Other Oxidation and Reduction Reactions. Carboxylic Acids. Biological Oxidations and Reductions – The Redox Coenzymes. Introduction to Metabolic Pathways.
11. ORGANIC ACIDS AND BASES.
Reactions of Organic Acids. Decarboxylation Reactions. Amines. The Acid-Base Reactions of Amines. Amines in Biology and Medicine. The Relationship Between Structure and Ph.
12. BUILDING LARGE MOLECULES – CONDENSATION AND HYDROLYSIS REACTIONS.
Introduction to Condensation Reactions – Ethers. Esterification, Amidation, and Phosphorylation. Condensation Polymers. Hydrolysis. The Effect of Ph on the Products of Hydrolysis. The Equilibrium Between Condensation and Hydrolysis.
13. PROTEINS.
Amino acids. Peptide bonds and the secondary structure of a protein. Side chain interactions and tertiary structure. Protein denaturation. Enzyme structure and function. Cofactors. Antibodies and the immune response. Sources of amino acids.
14: CARBOHYDRATES AND LIPIDS.
Monosaccharides. Isomeric Forms Of Monosaccharides – Anomers and Enantiomers. Disaccharides and the Glycosidic Linkage. Common Disaccharides and Polysaccharides.
Fatty Acids and Triglycerides. The Chemical Reactions of Triglycerides. Glycerophospholipids and Cell Membranes. Steroids and Lipoproteins. Sources of Carbohydrates and Fats.
15. METABOLISM – THE CHEMICAL WEB OF LIFE.
Catabolism, Anabolism, and the ATP Cycle. An Overview of Catabolism. ATP Production and the Mitochondria. Glycolysis. The Citric Acid Cycle. Beta Oxidation – Obtaining Energy from Fatty Acids. Catabolism of Amino Acids. Anabolic Pathways and the Control of Metabolism.
16. NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY.
Symbols for Nuclei And Subatomic Particles. Writing Nuclear Equations. Energy and Nuclear Reactions. Physiological Effects of Ionizing Radiation. Measuring Radiation. Nuclear Decay and Half-Life. Medical Applications of Nuclear Radiation. Nuclear Fission and Fusion.
17. NUCLEIC ACIDS, PROTEIN SYNTHESIS, AND HEREDITY.*
Nucleotides. The Structure of Nucleic Acids. DNA Replication. Transcription and RNA Processing. Translation and The Genetic Code. The Mechanism of Protein Synthesis.
Regulation of Protein Synthesis. Mutations and Genetic Disorders.
APPENDIX A: ESSENTIAL MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY.
Decimal Notation. Place Value, Fractions, and Division. Order of Operations. Exponents. Scientific Notation. Calculator Use.
APPENDIX B: THE QUANTITATIVE BEHAVIOR OF GASES.
(Kelvin temperature, combined gas law, Avogadro's law, ideal gas law).

*Chapter 17 is available online.

Supplements

All supplements have been updated in coordination with the Main title.
Please see Main title page for new to this edition information.

Instructor Supplements

OWL (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1111376646 | ISBN-13: 9781111376642)

Students can purchase instant access to OWL, the #1 online homework and tutorial system for chemistry at www.cengagebrain.com using this ISBN. With OWL, you'll save time and help your students improve their grades. Developed by chemistry instructors for teaching chemistry, OWL includes powerful course management tools that make homework management a breeze, as well as advanced reporting and grade book features that save you time in grading homework and tracking student progress. With OWL, you can address your students' different learning styles through a wide range of assignment types, including tutorials, simulations, visualization exercises, and algorithmically generated homework questions with instant answer-specific feedback. OWL is the only system designed to support mastery learning, allowing students to work at their own pace until they understand each concept and skill. Each time a student tries a problem, OWL changes the chemicals and wording of the question, as well as the numbers, to ensure student mastery. OWL's multimedia eBook is integrated with each text's mastery exercises and includes links to rich interactive assets which may include self-check quizzes, video solutions or examples, active figures and animations, and more. Visit www.cengage.com/owl to learn more.

Upgrade OWL (24 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 113323030X | ISBN-13: 9781133230304)

OWL (Online Web Learning) for GENERAL, ORGANIC, AND BIOCHEMISTRY, 1st Edition, contains step-by-step tutorials, interactive simulations, and homework questions with instant question-specific feedback to help you every step of the way as you master tough chemistry concepts and skills. OWL encourages you to learn at your own pace, ensuring that you’ve mastered each concept before you move on. OWL includes an iPad-compatible digital textbook, enhanced with rich multimedia learning tools and available 24/7 in OWL.

OWL (6 months) Instant Access Code  (ISBN-10: 1428276793 | ISBN-13: 9781428276796)

OWL (Online Web Learning) for GENERAL, ORGANIC AND BIOCHEMISTRY: AN APPLIED APPROACH, contains step-by-step tutorials, interactive simulations, and homework questions with instant question-specific feedback to help you every step of the way as you master tough chemistry concepts and skills. OWL encourages you to learn at your own pace, ensuring that you’ve mastered each concept before you move on. OWL includes an iPad-compatible digital textbook, enhanced with rich multimedia learning tools and available 24/7 in OWL.

Instructor's Manual  (ISBN-10: 1111670579 | ISBN-13: 9781111670573)
PowerLecture with ExamView®  (ISBN-10: 0534493556 | ISBN-13: 9780534493554)

This dual platform, one stop digital library and presentation tool includes: Prepared Microsoft® PowerPoint Lecture Slides by Melanie Harvey and Krista Thomas of Johnson County Community College that cover all key points from the text and feature worked examples that are completely customizable and easily adapted to suit your specific needs Image Libraries in PowerPoint and JPEG format that provide electronic files for all text art, most photographs, and all numbered tables in the text. These files can be used to print transparencies or to create your own PowerPoint lectures. Electronic files in PDF and Word formats of the Instructor's Manual by Simon Bott, University of Houston, featuring complete solutions to all numbered problems Electronic files in PDF and Word formats of the Test Bank by Bette Kreuz, University of Michigan at Dearborn, featuring a wide variety of test questions in a range of difficulty levels. This test bank also features nursing application questions from Kellee Hollyman, R.N. Three sample chapters of the Student Solutions Manual ExamView testing software, including question banks identical to the Test Bank, enabling you to create customized tests and quizzes

Student Solutions Manual  (ISBN-10: 0534493521 | ISBN-13: 9780534493523)

This manual features complete, worked-out solutions to all the odd-numbered problems. The solutions are specifically designed to complement the worked examples in the core text.

Lecture Notebook  (ISBN-10: 0840068263 | ISBN-13: 9780840068262)

This notebook features print-outs of the instructor's lecture slides for all 17 chapters of the text and leaves room for additional notes.

Basic Laboratory Experiments for General, Organic, and Biochemistry  (ISBN-10: 1111426619 | ISBN-13: 9781111426613)

14 experiments (6 general chemistry, 4 organic chemistry, and 4 biochemistry) illustrate important concepts. Experiments are separated into "recommended" and "optional" experiments to streamlines lab course design while allowing the instructor to easily pick and choose experiments.

Student Supplements

OWL (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1111376646 | ISBN-13: 9781111376642)

Get a better grade in chemistry and access 24/7 homework help with OWL, the #1 online homework and tutorial system for chemistry, available for purchase at www.cengagebrain.com. OWL's step-by-step tutorials, interactive simulations, and homework questions that provide instant answer-specific feedback help you every step of the way as you master tough chemistry concepts and skills. OWL allows you to learn at your own pace to ensure you've mastered each concept before you move on. An e-version of your textbook is available 24/7 in OWL and is enhanced with rich interactive assets which may include self-check quizzes, video solutions or examples, active figures and animations, and more. To learn more, visit www.cengage.com/owl or talk to your instructor.

OWL 24-Months Printed Access Card  (ISBN-10: 1111376654 | ISBN-13: 9781111376659)

Get a better grade in chemistry and access 24/7 homework help with OWL, the #1 online homework & tutorial system for chemistry, accessible via the printed access card packaged with your textbook. OWL's step-by-step tutorials, interactive simulations, and homework questions that provide instant answer-specific feedback help you every step of the way as you master tough chemistry concepts and skills. OWL allows you to learn at your own pace to ensure you've mastered each concept before you move on. An e-version of your textbook is available 24/7 in OWL and is enhanced with rich interactive assets which may include self-check quizzes, video solutions or examples, active figures and animations, and more. To learn more, visit www.cengage.com/owl or talk to your instructor.

Upgrade OWL (24 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 113323030X | ISBN-13: 9781133230304)

OWL (Online Web Learning) for GENERAL, ORGANIC, AND BIOCHEMISTRY, 1st Edition, contains step-by-step tutorials, interactive simulations, and homework questions with instant question-specific feedback to help you every step of the way as you master tough chemistry concepts and skills. OWL encourages you to learn at your own pace, ensuring that you’ve mastered each concept before you move on. OWL includes an iPad-compatible digital textbook, enhanced with rich multimedia learning tools and available 24/7 in OWL.

OWL (6 months) Instant Access Code  (ISBN-10: 1428276793 | ISBN-13: 9781428276796)

OWL (Online Web Learning) for GENERAL, ORGANIC AND BIOCHEMISTRY: AN APPLIED APPROACH, contains step-by-step tutorials, interactive simulations, and homework questions with instant question-specific feedback to help you every step of the way as you master tough chemistry concepts and skills. OWL encourages you to learn at your own pace, ensuring that you’ve mastered each concept before you move on. OWL includes an iPad-compatible digital textbook, enhanced with rich multimedia learning tools and available 24/7 in OWL.

Student Solutions Manual  (ISBN-10: 0534493521 | ISBN-13: 9780534493523)

Containing worked out solutions to all odd-numbered problems in the book, this manual shows you how to approach and solve problems using the same step-by-step explanations found in your textbook examples.

Lecture Notebook  (ISBN-10: 0840068263 | ISBN-13: 9780840068262)

This notebook contains print-outs of the instructor's lecture slides for all 17 chapters of the text and provides plenty of room to add your own notes, resulting in a personalized study tool you'll find extremely valuable in preparing for exams.

Basic Laboratory Experiments for General, Organic, and Biochemistry  (ISBN-10: 1111426619 | ISBN-13: 9781111426613)

Focused, streamlined, and designed throughout to meet the needs of the one-term GOB Lab course, this manual features 14 easy-to-follow experiments (6 general chemistry, 4 organic chemistry, and 4 biochemistry) that illustrate the key concepts that every allied health student must know. Clear directions help students complete labs successfully, while pre- and post-lab questions for every experiment test their ability to apply concepts.