The Well-Crafted Argument: Across the Curriculum, 1st Edition
- Fred D. White
- Simone J. Billings
- ISBN-10: 1133050476
- ISBN-13: 9781133050476
- 384 Pages | Paperback
- COPYRIGHT: 2013 Published
THE WELL-CRAFTED ARGUMENT: ACROSS THE CURRICULUM, FIRST EDITION guides students through the process of writing effective arguments across the disciplines. Built from the Rhetoric section in the Fourth Edition, this edition covers critical reading strategies as well as writing, researching, and documenting a topic, and includes a new chapter: "Argument Across the Disciplines." This brief rhetoric includes a visual emphasis while maintaining the authors' practical, skill-building approach. Each chapter ends with a Summary, Checklist, and Writing Projects. In addition to guidance on drafting and revising arguments, the authors provide a variety of composition strategies, including freewriting, outlining, and shared reading. In-depth instruction, combined with real student writings and a focus on argumentation in the professional workplace, engages students and helps them discover their own voices, within and beyond the Composition classroom.
1. THE NATURE AND PROCESS OF ARGUMENT.
Text Box: Interdisciplinary Characteristics of Argument. Why Argue? What Is an Argument? What Is an Arguable Thesis? Using Evidence in Argument. Communicating with a Purpose. The Process of Composing an Argument. Using Appeals in Argument. Organizing the Argument. Drafting the Argument. Common Problems in Composing an Argument and Ways to Resolve Them. James Paul Gee, "High Score Education". Revising the Argument: A Form of Reevaluation. Reading to Revise. Visual Aids as Tools for Argumentative Writing. Steven Waldman and John C. Green, "Tribal Relations". Chapter Summary. Checklist. Writing Projects. Herb Block, "The Cartoon".
2. METHODS OF CRITICAL READING.
Text Box: Reading Critically Across the Disciplines. Reading as a Construction of Meaning. Active Versus Passive Reading. Reading as a Writer of Arguments. Writing a Summary. Melissa Slager, "Death to the Classics!". Reading with a Pencil. Samuel Lipman, "Say No to Trash". Reading Visuals in Arguments. Joseph J. Feeney, S.J., "Philosophers, Theologians, Post Modern Students: Why They Need Each Other". Becoming a Highly Motivated Reader. Reading Responsibly. "High Noon" (editorial). Active Reading as Shared Reading. Using the Modes of Argument as a Schema for Analysis. The Importance of Open-Mindedness when Reading. Galileo Galilei, "Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina". Chapter Summary. Checklist. Writing Projects.
3. USING THE CLASSICAL MODEL IN YOUR ARGUMENTS.
Text Box: The Classical Model Across the Disciplines. Argument in the Ancient World. The Classical Model of Argument. John Guillebaud and Pip Hayes, "Population Growth and Climate Change". Reinforcing Aristotelian Appeals with Visuals. Anti-Defamation League, "School Vouchers: The Wrong Choice for Public Education". Kurt L. Schmoke, "Why School Vouchers Can Help Inner-City Children". Chapter Summary. Checklist. Writing Projects.
4. USING THE TOULMIN MODEL IN YOUR ARGUMENTS.
Text Box: How the Toulmin Model Works Across the Disciplines. The Toulmin Model of Argument. Virginia Woolf, "Professions for Women". The Toulmin Model in Action. Student Essay: Daniel Neal, "Tobacco: Ignorance Is No Longer an Excuse". Organizing Your Argument Using the Toulmin Model. Thomas Jefferson, "Declaration of Independence". Reinforcing the Toulmin Model with Visuals. Chapter Summary. Checklist. Writing Projects.
5. USING THE ROGERIAN MODEL IN YOUR ARGUMENTS.
Text Box: How the Rogerian Model Works Across the Disciplines. The Rogerian Model of Argument. Organizing Your Argument Using the Rogerian Model. Kimberly Shearer Palmer, "Let's Talk About Sexual Harassment in Middle School". Martin Luther King, Jr., "Letter from Birmingham Jail". Student Essay: Daniela Gibson, "Who Owns Our Children?". Chapter Summary. Checklist. Writing Projects.
6. REASONING: METHODS AND FALLACIES.
Text Box: Applying Methods of Reasoning in Different Disciplines. Argumentative Reasoning. The Nature of Fallacies. Strategies of Reasoning. Errors in Reasoning: A Taxonomy. Max Shulman, "Love Is a Fallacy". Chapter Summary. Checklist. Writing Projects.
7. ARGUMENT ACROSS THE DISCIPLINES.
Argumentation Strategies in the Arts. Arguing critically about a topic in the visual arts. Arguing critically about a topic in literature. Argumentation Strategies in the Social Sciences. Arguing critically about a topic in history. Arguing critically about a topic in political science. Argumentation Strategies in the Natural Sciences. Arguing critically about a topic in biology. Arguing critically about a topic in astronomy/space exploration. Argumentation in the Workplace. Arguing critically in legal contexts. Arguing critically in management contexts. Arguing critically in engineering contexts. Chapter Summary. Checklist. Writing Projects.
8. RESEARCHING YOUR ARGUMENT.
Text Box: Research Methods in Different Disciplines. The Three Faces of Research. Searching Before You Research: Taking a Mental Inventory. Focusing Your Research for Argumentative Essays. Formulating a Strong Thesis. Researching Using the Internet. Useful Types of Internet Sources. Searching on the Web. Useful Websites for Writers of Argument. Researching Using Print Resources. Gathering Information from Email, Telephone Conversations, Interviews, and Surveys. Taking Effective Research Notes. The Role of Serendipity in Research. Evaluating Your Sources. Understanding and Avoiding Plagiarism. Incorporating Outside Sources into Your Argument. Chapter Summary. Checklist. Writing Projects.
9. DOCUMENTING YOUR SOURCES: MLA AND APA STYLES.
Citation of Source Material: A Rationale. Which Documentation Style to Use? A Guide to MLA Documentation Style. Presenting Quoted Material. Index for Citing Sources: MLA Style. Using Author/Page In-Text Citations. Preparing the MLA List of Works Cited. Sample Student Paper: MLA Documentation Format. Daniela Gibson, "Why We Should Punish". A Guide to APA Documentation Style. Presenting Quoted Material. Index for Citing Sources: APA Style. Using Author/Year In-Text Citations. Preparing the APA List of References. Sample Student Paper: APA Documentation Format. Jarrett Green, "Child Molestation: Anything but Your Typical Crime". Chapter Summary. Checklist. Writing Projects.