Nelson Higher Education

Higher Education

Educational Foundations, 2nd Edition

  • Leslie Kaplan
  • William Owings
  • ISBN-10: 1133603092
  • ISBN-13: 9781133603092
  • 608 Pages | Hardcover
  • Previous Editions: 2011
  • COPYRIGHT: 2015 Published
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About the Product

EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATIONS, Second Edition, explains today's schools for those who are trying to picture themselves within the education profession. College students taking their first education course often do not see how foundations topics connect to their future careers. This book addresses that “disconnect” by making educational foundations topics relevant and personally meaningful to both young learners and mature adult learners-while also offering the comprehensive scope, scholarly depth, and conceptual analysis of contemporary issues that many professors expect. This new edition includes a greater emphasis on InTASC and Common Core State Standards, and incorporates a number of new features that enable students to gain a realistic and insightful perspective of the field.


  • Written in an appealing, conversational style, and using examples that immediately resonate with prospective student teachers, this thought-provoking text provides a timely and insightful perspective of American education. It addresses students' needs for relevance and meaning as well as professors' needs for respected foundations content and conceptual challenge.

  • The textbook's “A Closer Look” feature presents primary sources for students to further explore and analyze key issues related to education, teaching, and learning.


"[This book provides] a very solid background that every educator needs to read in order to understand how education works in America-where we've come from and where we are going." - D R Wilson, Houston Baptist University
— D R Wilson

About the Author

Leslie Kaplan

Leslie S. Kaplan (Ed.D.), a retired school administrator in Newport News, Virginia, is a full-time education writer and an adjunct research professor at Old Dominion University. She has provided middle and high school instructional leadership as well as central office leadership as a director of program development. Before becoming a school administrator, she worked as a middle and high school English teacher and as a school counselor with articles frequently published in The School Counselor. Kaplan's scholarly publications, co-authored with William A. Owings, appear in numerous professional journals. She also has co-authored several books and monographs with Owings, including CULTURE RE-BOOT: REINVIGORATING SCHOOL CULTURE TO IMPROVE STUDENT OUTCOMES; LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR IN EDUCATION; AMERICAN PUBLIC SCHOOL FINANCE (in its second edition); TEACHER QUALITY, TEACHING QUALITY, AND SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT; BEST PRACTICES, BEST THINKING, AND EMERGING ISSUES IN SCHOOL LEADERSHIP; and ENHANCING TEACHER AND TEACHING QUALITY. Kaplan is co-editor of the Journal for Effective Schools, and also serves on the NASSP Bulletin Editorial Board. She is a past president of the Virginia Counselors' Association and the Virginia Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, and is currently a board member of Voices for Virginia's Children.

William Owings

William A. Owings (Ed.D.) is a professor of educational leadership at Old Dominion University in Norfolk, Virginia. Owings has worked as a public school teacher, an elementary and high school principal, assistant superintendent, and superintendent of schools. His scholarly publications, co-authored with Leslie S. Kaplan, include books on educational leadership and school finance as well as articles in National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP) Bulletin, Journal of School Leadership, Journal of Effective Schools, Phi Delta Kappan, Teachers College Record, the Journal of Education Finance, and the Eurasian Journal of Business and Economics. Owings has served on the state and international board of the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), is currently the editor of the Journal for Effective Schools, and is on the Journal of Education Finance Editorial Advisory Board. He is a frequent presenter at state and national conferences and a consultant on educational leadership, school finance, and instructional improvement. Owings and Kaplan share the 2008 Virginia Educational Research Association Charles Edgar Clear Research Award for Consistent and Substantial Contributions to Educational Research and Scholarship.

Table of Contents

1. So You Want to Be a Teacher?
2. Teaching as a Profession.
3. Philosophy of Education.
4. The History of American Public Education.
5. Education Reform: 1900 to Today.
6. Competing Goals of Public Education.
7. Cultural, Social and Educational Causes of the Achievement Gap and How to Fix It.
8. Diversity and Cultural Assets in Education.
9. Teachers, Ethics, and the Law.
10. School Governance and Structure.
11. School Finance
12. Curriculum.
13. Instruction.
14. Standards, Achievement, and Accountability.
15. Best Practices for Effective Schools.

New to this edition

  • The text has been thoroughly revised to reflect current standards, including InTASC and Common Core State Standards. A list of relevant InTASC Standards to be addressed is presented at the beginning of each chapter.
  • “Did You Get It?” quizzes allow students to measure their performance against the learning objectives in each chapter. One question for each learning objective is featured in the textbook to encourage students to go to, take the full quiz, and check their understanding.
  • TeachSource Videos, introduced throughout the text and viewable at the Education CourseMate website, feature footage from the classroom to help students relate key chapter content to real-life scenarios. Critical-thinking questions encourage students to reflect on the video content.
  • An “American Educational Spotlight” in each chapter contains personal and professional portraits of notable individuals from diverse backgrounds who contributed to the topic under discussion in a meaningful way.
  • “FlipSides” present students with a range of philosophical and practical education dilemmas, garner arguments for each position, and invite readers to decide for themselves. For example, the “FlipSide” in Chapter 8 asks, “What are the best practices for teaching a challenging and rigorous curriculum to low-income and minority students: the traditional approach or the cultural competence approach?”
  • “Diverse Voices” in several chapters present personal essays from individuals who have lived issues discussed in the text-such as disability, race, sexual identity, poverty, and academic interest-and suggest ways teachers can help students deal with them. For example: “A Teacher Finds His Niche” explores the question of how teachers can keep academic expectations high for students who are not “academic stars.”
  • “Reflect and Discuss Activities” help students develop the essential skill of being reflective practitioners. Located immediately following major concepts in each chapter, these “minds-on” thought exercises help students make the information they just read relevant and personally meaningful. Instructors can adapt and revise these socially mediated or individual activities in accordance with their instructional goals.
  • Icons, which are visibly incorporated throughout each chapter, flag topics in the text that highlight issues of diversity, Common Core State Standards, InTASC Standards, 21st century skills, and technology.


All supplements have been updated in coordination with the Main title.
Please see Main title page for new to this edition information.

Instructor Supplements

Online Instructor's Manual with Test Bank  (ISBN-10: 1285445279 | ISBN-13: 9781285445274)

An online Instructor's Manual accompanies this book. It contains information to assist the instructor in designing the course, including sample syllabi, discussion questions, teaching and learning activities, field experiences, learning objectives, and additional online resources. For assessment support, the updated test bank includes true/false, multiple-choice, matching, short-answer, and essay questions for each chapter.

Online PowerPoint®  (ISBN-10: 1285445287 | ISBN-13: 9781285445281)

These vibrant Microsoft® PowerPoint® lecture slides for each chapter assist you with your lecture by providing concept coverage using images, figures, and tables directly from the textbook.

Cengage Testing, powered by Cognero® Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1285978099 | ISBN-13: 9781285978093)
CourseMate, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1285450140 | ISBN-13: 9781285450148)

Cengage Learning's Education CourseMate brings course concepts to life with interactive learning, study, and exam preparation tools that support the printed textbook. CourseMate includes an integrated eBook, quizzes, flashcards, videos, and more. It also includes Engagement Tracker, a first-of-its-kind tool that monitors student engagement in the course. The accompanying instructor website offers access to password-protected resources such as an electronic version of the instructor's manual and Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides.

Student Supplements

CourseMate, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1285450140 | ISBN-13: 9781285450148)

Cengage Learning's Education CourseMate brings course concepts to life with interactive learning, study, and exam preparation tools that support the printed textbook. Access an integrated eBook and chapter-specific learning tools including flashcards, quizzes, videos, and more in your Education CourseMate. Go to