1. EMBRYO OF EMPIRE: AMERICANS AND THE WORLD BEFORE 1789.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: Jay, Franklin, Adams, and Negotiations for Independence, 1782. Reaching for Independence: Ideology and Commercial Power. Opportunity and Necessity: Alliance with France. What f…France had not formally allied with the United States beginning in 1778? Suspicious Suitors in Europe. A Separate Peace: The Treaty of Paris. Ill-Treated under the Articles of Confederation. The New Constitution and the Legacy of the Founding Generation.
2. INDEPENDENCE, EXPANSION, AND WAR, 1789–1815.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: The Chesapeake Affair, 1807. The French Revolution Reverberates in America. Commerce, Politics, and Diplomacy: Jay's Treaty. Pinckney's Treaty, France, and Washington's Farewell. Skillful Fencing: The XYZ Affair and the Quasi-War with France. Jefferson's Empire for Liberty? European Madhouse: Blockades, Neutral Trade, and Impressment, 1803–1807. "Peaceable Coercion" and the Path to the War of 1812. In All the Tenses: Why War Came. What if…President Madison had not asked Congress for war in 1812? Wartime Diplomacy and the Peace of
Ghent. The Legacy of a War Neither Won Nor Lost.
3. EXTENDING AND PRESERVING THE SPHERE, 1815–1848.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: Mexican-American War on the Rio Grande, 1846. Expanding the Sphere: Manifest Destiny. Commercial Ambitions in the Pacific. John Quincy Adams, the Floridas, and the Transcontinental Treaty. The Monroe Doctrine Sets the Compass . Measuring John Bull: Trade, Canada, and Other Intersections. Contest over the Oregon Country. The Texas Bombshell . The War with Mexico and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. What if…Nicholas P. Trist had not negotiated a peace treaty with Mexico in 1848? The Lessons and Costs of Expansion, 1815–1848.
4. EXPANSIONISM, SECTIONALISM, AND CIVIL WAR, 1848–1865.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: William Walker and Manifest Manhood in Central America, 1855–1860. Sectionalism and Sputtering Expansionism. The South's Dream of Empire. Cuban Allure. Openings to East Asia. Anglo-American Détente, an Isthmian Canal, and Central America. The American Civil War and International Relations. British "Lookers On" Across the Atlantic. What if…Great Britain had recognized the Confederacy during the Civil War? War as Catalyst.
5. ESTABLISHING REGIONAL HEGEMONY AND GLOBAL POWER, 1865–1895.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: The Foiled Grab of the Dominican Republic, 1869–1870. The Culture of Expansionism and Imperialism. Economic Expansion and Imperial Rivalry. Toward Command of the Seas: The New Navy. Secretary William H. Seward Projects the Future. Great Britain, Canada, and North American Disputes. Americans in Asia: China, Japan, and Korea. Pacific Prizes: Hawai'i and Samoa. What if…there had been no McKinley Tariff in 1890? Eyeing Africa. Latin America Moves into the Yankee Vortex. Going Global.
6. IMPERIALIST LEAP, 1895–1900.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: The Maine, McKinley, and War, 1898. The Venezuela Crisis of 1895. Men of Empire. Cleveland and McKinley Confront Cuba Libre, 1895–1898. What if…Spain had granted independence to Cuba in 1898? The Spanish-American-Cuban-Filipino War. Men Versus "Aunties": The Debate over Empire in the United States. Imperial Collisions in Asia: The Philippine Insurrection and the Open Door in China. The Elbows of a World Power, 1895–1900.
7. MANAGING, POLICING, AND EXTENDING THE EMPIRE, 1900–1914.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: Severing Panama from Colombia for the Canal, 1903. Architects of Empire. Cuba's Limited Independence Under the Platt Amendment. The Constable of the Caribbean: The Roosevelt Corollary, Venezuela, and the Dominican Republic. Ordering Haiti and Nicaragua. Resisting Revolution in Mexico. Japan, China, and Dollar Diplomacy in Asia. Anglo-American Rapprochement and Empire Building. What if…manliness and civilization had not become linked in the minds of American leaders in the period 1900–1917?
8. WAR, PEACE, AND REVOLUTION IN THE TIME OF WILSON, 1914–1920.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: The Sinking of the Lusitania, 1915. The Travails of Neutrality. Submarines, Neutral Rights, and Mediation Efforts. Wilson's Choices Bring America into World War. The Debate over Preparedness. The Doughboys Make the Difference in Europe. The Fourteen Points and a Contentious Peace Conference. Principle, Personality, Health, and Partisanship: The League Fight. What if…the president had accepted Senate reservations and the United States had joined the League of Nations in 1919–1920? Red Scare at Home and Abroad: Bolshevism and Intervention in Russia. The Whispering Gallery of Global Disorder.
APPENDIX: MAKERS OF AMERICAN FOREIGN RELATIONS.
General Reference Works. Overviews of Relations with Countries, Regions, and Other Places of the World, Including Atlases and Gazetteers, Annual Surveys and Chronologies, Bibliographies, Biographical Aids, Chronologies, Encyclopedias and Dictionaries, and Statistics. Overviews of Subjects, Including Atlases, Annual Surveys, Bibliographies, Biographical Aids, Chronologies, Encyclopedias, and Statistics.
MAPS AND GRAPHS.
The United States After the Treaty of Paris. American Naval Battles, 1798–1815. Looking West. The War with Mexico. Indian Removal from the South. United States Territorial Expansion. The Southern Perspective on Expansion. The Asian Frontier. The Rise of U.S. Economic Power in the World. The Colonization of Africa, Turn of the Century. The Great Powers in Asia, 1900. Panama Canal Zone. U.S. Interventions in the Caribbean and Central America. The Lusitania and U-20. The Outbreak of World War I, Summer 1914. Europe Reshaped by War and Peace.