1. IMPERIALIST LEAP, 1895–1900.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: The Maine, McKinley, and War, 1898. The Venezuela Crisis of 1895. Men of Empire. Cleveland and McKinley Confront Cuba Libre, 1895–1898. What if…Spain had granted independence to Cuba in 1898? The Spanish-American-Cuban-Filipino War. Men Versus "Aunties": The Debate over Empire in the United States. Imperial Collisions in Asia: The Philippine Insurrection and the Open Door in China. The Elbows of a World Power, 1895–1900.
2. MANAGING, POLICING, AND EXTENDING THE EMPIRE, 1900–1914.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: Severing Panama from Colombia for the Canal, 1903. Architects of Empire. Cuba's Limited Independence Under the Platt Amendment. The Constable of the Caribbean: The Roosevelt Corollary, Venezuela, and the Dominican Republic. Ordering Haiti and Nicaragua. Resisting Revolution in Mexico. Japan, China, and Dollar Diplomacy in Asia. Anglo-American Rapprochement and Empire Building. What if…manliness and civilization had not become linked in the minds of American leaders in period 1900–1917?
3. WAR, PEACE, AND REVOLUTION IN THE TIME OF WILSON, 1914–1920.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: The Sinking of the Lusitania, 1915. The Travails of Neutrality. Submarines, Neutral Rights, and Mediation Efforts. Wilson's Choices Bring America into World War. The Debate over Preparedness. The Doughboys Make the Difference in Europe. The Fourteen Points and a Contentious Peace Conference. Principle, Personality, Health, and Partisanship: The League Fight. What if…the president had accepted Senate reservations and the United States had joined the League of Nations in 1919–1920? Red Scare at Home and Abroad: Bolshevism and Intervention in Russia. The Whispering Gallery of Global Disorder.
4. DESCENDING INTO EUROPE'S MAELSTROM, 1920–1939.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: Roosevelt Extends America's Frontier to the Rhine, 1939. "Prize Fighters with a Very Long Reach": The Independent Internationalists. Economic and Cultural Expansion in a Rickety World. Seekers of a World Without War. Cold as Steel: Soviet-American Encounters. Hitler's Germany, Appeasement, and the Outbreak of War. American Isolationism and Myopic Neutrality. What if…President Franklin D. Roosevelt had vetoed the Neutrality Acts in the 1930s? Roosevelt Shifts and Congress Balks on the Eve of War.
5. ASIA, LATIN AMERICA, AND THE VAGARIES OF POWER, 1920–1939.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: The Manchurian Crisis, 1931–1932. A Question of Power. Facing Japan: The Washington Naval Disarmament Conference and China. Japan's Footsteps Toward Pacific Hegemony. What if…Americans had not sympathized with China over Japan after 1931? Being "Neighborly" in Latin America. Creating "Frankenstein" Dictators in the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, and Haiti. Subverting Nationalism in Cuba and Puerto Rico. Accommodating Mexico. Pan Americanism and Hemispheric Defense on the Eve of War.
6. SURVIVAL AND SPHERES: THE ALLIES AND THE SECOND WORLD WAR, 1939–1945.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: The Atlantic Charter Conference, 1941. Juggling Between War and Peace, 1939–1941. The Road to Pearl Harbor: Japanese-American Relations, 1939–1941. The Big Three: Strategies and Fissures, 1941–1943. What if…the Allies had opened a second front in France before 1944? China Tangles. Bystanders to the Holocaust. Planning the Postwar Peace, 1943–1945. Compromises at Yalta. To Each Its Own: Allied Divergence and Spheres of Influence. The Potsdam Conference and the Legacy of World War II.
7. ALL-EMBRACING STRUGGLE: THE COLD WAR BEGINS, 1945–1950.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: Atomic Bombs at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, 1945. Truman, Stalin, and the U.S.-Soviet Clash. Challenging the Soviets in Eastern Europe. "Getting Tough": Early Cold War Crises. What if…the United States and the Soviet Union had reached an agreement in 1946 to prevent the spread of atomic weapons? "A Bolt of Lightning": The Truman Doctrine, Israel, and Containment. Europe Divided: The Marshall Plan, Germany, and NATO. Allies and Adversaries in Asia. The People's Republic of China and U.S. Nonrecognition. A Cold War Culture Emerges.
8. COLD WAR PRISM: THE KOREAN WAR AND EISENHOWER -DULLES FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1950–1961.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: The Decision to Intervene in the Korean War, 1950. The Korean War and the "Trojan Horse" of American National Security. "The Great Equation": Eisenhower's Foreign Policy. Dulles, the New Look, and McCarthyism. The Glacier Grinds On: Eisenhower, Khrushchev, and the Cold War. Missiles, Berlin, and the U-2 Mess. To the Brink with China, To the Market with Japan. Nationalism, Neutralism, and the Third World. "Batten Down the Hatches": Reform and Resistance in the Middle East and Latin America. What if…the United States had used diplomacy rather than covert action to confront Third World nationalism during the 1950s? American Cultural Expansion and the Cold War.
9. PASSING THE TORCH: THE VIETNAM YEARS, 1961–1969.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: The Tet Offensive in Vietnam, 1968. Vietnamese Wars Before 1961. Bear Any Burden?: John F. Kennedy and His Foreign Policy Team. Arms Buildup, Berlin Crisis, and Nation Building. The Most Dangerous Area in the World: The Cuban Revolution and Latin America. Spinning Out of Control: The Cuban Missile Crisis. Laos, Vietnam, and the Kennedy Legacy. What if…John F. Kennedy had lived to make key decisions on the Vietnam War? Nose to Nose: Lyndon B. Johnson and the World. "The Biggest Damned Mess": Johnson's War. Hawks, Doves, Comrades, and Adversaries.
10. DÉTENTE AND DISEQUILIBRIUM, 1969–1981.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: Richard M. Nixon's Trip to China, 1972. Nixon, Kissinger, and Their Critics. Détente, SALT, and the Nuclear Arms Race. Regional Tails Wagging the Superpower Dogs: The Middle East. Thinking Globally: Relations with Latin America and Africa. Number One Challenged: Economic Competition, Environmental Distress, and the North-South Debate. No Mere Footnote: Vietnamization, Cambodia, and a Wider War. The Peace Agreement, Withdrawal, and Defeat. The Many Lessons and Questions of Vietnam. Mixed Signals: Carter's Contradictory Course. Engaging the Third World: Latin America and Africa. Middle East Highs and Lows: Camp David and the Iranian Hostage Crisis. What if…the Iranian hostage rescue mission had succeeded? Détente's Downfall: Soviet-American Rivalry, Afghanistan, and the Carter Record.
11. A NEW WORLD ORDER? REAGAN, BUSH, AND CLINTON, 1981–2001.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: The Berlin Wall Comes Down, 1989. Gorbachev and the Earthquakes of 1989–1991. Ronald Reagan's Mission to Revive American Hegemony. Soviet-American Crises and the Antinuclear Movement. Civil Wars and Interventionism: Central America and the Caribbean. Hornets' Nests in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia. Indispensable Nation: Bush, Clinton, and the Post-Cold War World. Russian Disintegration, German Reunification, NATO Expansion, Balkan Hell. Hope and Tragedy in Africa. What if…the United States had killed Osama bin Laden in August 1998? Invasions and Implosions in Latin America. Mideast Imbroglios. Feuding and Trading with China, Vietnam, and Japan. Between Two Worlds: Reagan, Bush, Clinton and the Legacies of the Cold War.
12. MILLENNIAL AMERICA: FOREIGN RELATIONS SINCE 2001.
DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: 9/11 and After. Rise of the Vulcans: Bush and His War Cabinet. Present at a New Creation: The War on Terror, Afghanistan, and the Bush Doctrine. "Slam Dunk": Justifying the Iraq War. Mission Accomplished?: The Invasion and Occupation of Iraq. Containing Evil and Spreading Freedom: The Bush Policy Toward the Middle East and Asia. Getting a Sense of Their Souls: Europe, Latin America, and Africa in the Twenty-First Century. Transnational Challenges and Opportunities. What if…Al Gore had become president in 2001?
APPENDIX: MAKERS OF AMERICAN FOREIGN RELATIONS.
General Reference Works. Overviews of Relations with Countries, Regions, and Other Places of the World, Including Atlases and Gazetteers, Annual Surveys and Chronologies, Bibliographies, Biographical Aids, Chronologies, Encyclopedias and Dictionaries, and Statistics. Overviews of Subjects, Including Atlases, Annual Surveys, Bibliographies, Biographical Aids, Chronologies, Encyclopedias, and Statistics.
MAPS AND GRAPHS.
The Great Powers in Asia, 1900. Panama Canal Zone. U.S. Interventions in the Caribbean and Central America. The Lusitania and U-20. The Outbreak of World War I Summer 1914. Europe Reshaped by War and Peace. The Weight of the United States in the World Economy. The Contracting Spiral of World Trade. Japanese Expansion to 1941. The German Onslaught 1939–1942. The Allies Push Japan Back, 1942–1945. Changes in Europe After World War II. Changes in Asia After World War II. The Korean War, 1950–1953. Africa in 1945. Africa in 2000. Southeast Asia and the Vietnam War. The Middle East. The United States and Latin America Since 1945. U.S. Dependence on Imports of Raw Materials, 1980. Transformations: Russia, the Former Soviet Republics, Eastern Europe, and Germany. World Arms Exports, 1992–1994.