Nelson Higher Education

Higher Education

Chemical Principles, 8th Edition

  • Steven S. Zumdahl
  • Donald J. DeCoste
  • ISBN-10: 1305581989
  • ISBN-13: 9781305581982
  • 1216 Pages | Hardcover
  • Previous Editions: 2013, 2009
  • COPYRIGHT: 2017 Published
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Overview

About the Product

This fully updated Eighth Edition of CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES provides a unique organization and a rigorous but understandable introduction to chemistry that emphasizes conceptual understanding and the importance of models. Known for helping students develop a qualitative, conceptual foundation that gets them thinking like chemists, this market-leading text is designed for students with solid mathematical preparation. The Eighth Edition features a new section on "Solving a Complex Problem" that discusses and illustrates how to solve problems in a flexible, creative way based on understanding the fundamental ideas of chemistry and asking and answering key questions. The book is also enhanced by an increase of problem-solving techniques in the solutions to the Examples, new student learning aids, new ‘Chemical Insights” and “Chemistry Explorers” boxes, and more.

Features

  • Unique Organization: The authors cover equilibria and acid-base chemistry early and delay coverage of atomic theory and bonding until the second half of the text. The text includes sections on Exact Treatment of Buffered Solutions (Chapter 8), Adiabatic Processes (Chapter 10), and Molecular, Rotational, Vibrational, Electronic, and Nuclear Magnetic Spectroscopy (Chapter 14). These sections provide more depth at a slightly more rigorous level, consistent with the book’s overall focus.

  • Section 3.4 "Learning to Solve Problems" emphasizes the importance of conceptual problem solving by showing students how to think their way through a problem. This section discusses how to solve problems in a flexible, creative way based on understanding the fundamental ideas of chemistry and asking and answering key questions. Students will learn that this "big picture approach" produces more long term, meaningful learning rather than simply memorizing specific steps that are easily forgotten.

  • Chemical Insights Boxes. These boxes showcase various applications and topics and their relationship to the field of chemistry.

  • Chemistry Explorer Boxes. These boxes profile chemistry professors who currently are pioneering research in their fields and introduce students to today’s role models in chemical research.

  • Mathematical Support. All mathematical operations required for the text are conveniently described in an Appendix or are illustrated in worked-out examples. Knowledge of calculus is not required, and differential and integral notations, used only where absolutely necessary, are accompanied by explanations.

  • In-text and Online ChemWork Exercises: ChemWork assignments developed by Steven and Susan Zumdahl coach students through the process of becoming independent problem solvers. Available online within OWLv2, ChemWork exercises provide students with challenging problems and hints for practicing concepts from the chapter.

About the Author

Steven S. Zumdahl

Steve Zumdahl is the author of market-leading textbooks in introductory chemistry, general chemistry, honors-level chemistry, and high school chemistry. Recently retired from his long-time position as Director of Undergraduate Programs at the University of Illinois, he has received numerous awards for his contributions to chemical education. These include the National Catalyst Award in recognition of his contribution to chemical education, the University of Illinois Teaching Award, the UIUC Liberal Arts and Sciences Advising Award, and the School of Chemical Sciences Teaching Award (five times). He earned his B.S. in Chemistry from Wheaton College (IL), and his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois.

Donald J. DeCoste

Donald J. DeCoste is Associate Director of General Chemistry at the University of Illinois, Urbana–Champaign and has been teaching chemistry at the high school and college levels for 26 years. He earned his BS in Chemistry and PhD from the University of Illinois, Urbana–Champaign. At UIUC he has developed chemistry courses for nonscience majors, preservice secondary teachers, and preservice elementary teachers. He teaches courses in introductory chemistry and the teaching of chemistry and has received the School of Chemical Sciences Teaching Award four times. Don has led workshops for secondary teachers and graduate student teaching assistants, discussing the methods and benefits of getting students more actively involved in class. When not involved in teaching and advising, Don enjoys spending time with his wife and three children.

Table of Contents

1. Chemists and Chemistry.
2. Atoms, Molecules, and Ions.
3. Stoichiometry.
4. Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry.
5. Gases.
6. Chemical Equilibrium.
7. Acids and Bases.
8. Applications of Aqueous Equilibria.
9. Energy, Enthalpy, and Thermochemistry.
10. Spontaneity, Entropy, and Free Energy.
11. Electrochemistry.
12. Quantum Mechanics and Atomic Theory.
13. Bonding: General Concepts.
14. Covalent Bonding: Orbitals.
15. Chemical Kinetics.
16. Liquids and Solids.
17. Properties of Solutions.
18. The Representative Elements.
19. Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry.
20. The Nucleus: A Chemist’s View.
21. Organic and Biochemical Molecules.
Appendix 1. Mathematical Procedures.
Appendix 2. Units of Measurement and Conversions Among Units.
Appendix 3. Spectral Analysis.
Appendix 4. Selected Thermodynamic Data.
Appendix 5. Equilibrium Constants and Reduction Potentials.
Appendix 6. Deriving the Integrated Rate Laws.
Glossary.
Answers to Selected Exercises.

New to this edition

  • ChemWork problems have been added to the end-of-chapter problems throughout the text and can be worked in OWLv2 or with pencil and paper. Students who need help with core concepts from each chapter can get assistance through a series of online hints in OWLv2—usually in the form of interactive questions that guide students through the problem-solving process.
  • In Chapters 3-5, the discussion of how to use the problem-solving approach in the examples was increased to model for students the types of questions they should be asking and answering when solving problems.
  • Section 3.4 “Conceptual Problem Solving” has been expanded to increase the emphasis on the importance of having students think their way through a problem.
  • A new section, Section 3.11, “Solving a Complex Problem,” has been added. In this new section, the authors discuss at length a complex problem (that is, one which requires the students to utilize knowledge and understanding of many concepts). Alternative solutions are also considered to show students that there is always more than one method to solve a complex problem.
  • Section 10.1 includes a more rigorous discussion of the mathematics involved in relating the number of microstates to the concept of entropy.

Supplements

All supplements have been updated in coordination with the Main title.
Please see Main title page for new to this edition information.

Instructor Supplements

Study Guide  (ISBN-10: 1305867122 | ISBN-13: 9781305867123)

The Study Guide is a comprehensive self-study aid for students containing alternative strategies for solving problems, supplemental explanations for the most difficult material, and self-tests. There are approximately 400 worked examples and 1,200 practice problems (with answers) designed to give students mastery and confidence with the concepts covered in the text.

Cengage Testing, powered by Cognero® Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305672984 | ISBN-13: 9781305672987)

Cengage Learning Testing Powered by Cognero is a flexible, online system that allows you to: author, edit, and manage test bank content from multiple Cengage Learning solutions create multiple test versions in an instant deliver tests from your LMS, your classroom or wherever you want.

Student Solutions Manual eBook, 4 terms (24 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305867149 | ISBN-13: 9781305867147)

With this comprehensive eBook version of the Student Solutions Manual, your students can prepare for exams and succeed in their chemistry course! It contains answers and detailed solutions to all the in-chapter Exercises, Concept Checks, and Self-Assessment and Review Questions, as well as step-by-step solutions to selected odd-numbered end-of-chapter problems.

Student Solutions Manual  (ISBN-10: 1305867114 | ISBN-13: 9781305867116)

This manual contains answers and detailed solutions to all the in-chapter Exercises, Concept Checks, and Self-Assessment and Review Questions, plus step-by-step solutions to selected odd-numbered end-of-chapter problems.

OWLv2, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305864212 | ISBN-13: 9781305864214)

Students can use this ISBN at www.CENGAGEbrain.com to purchase instant access to OWLv2, the most trusted online learning solution for chemistry with the MindTap Reader version of Chemical Principles 8e. Mastering a skill takes practice, but a good coach makes that practice meaningful. Unlike other online homework systems that just drill, OWLv2’s Mastery Learning activities allow students to work at their own pace until they understand each concept and skill. Each time a student tries a problem, OWLv2 changes the chemicals, values, and sometimes even the wording of the question to ensure students are learning the concepts and not cheating the system. With detailed, instant feedback, multiple attempts, and interactive learning resources, students get the help they need without fear of losing points. Now with improved student and instructor tools and greater functionality, OWLv2 is more robust than ever. Learning chemistry takes a lot of practice, but mastering it takes OWLv2. Visit www.CENGAGE.com/owlv2 to learn more.

OWLv2, 1 term (6 months) Printed Access Card  (ISBN-10: 1305864204 | ISBN-13: 9781305864207)

Mastering a skill takes practice, but a good coach makes that practice meaningful. Unlike other online homework systems that just drill, OWLv2’s Mastery Learning activities allow students to work at their own pace until they understand each concept and skill. Each time a student tries a problem, OWLv2 changes the chemicals, values, and sometimes even the wording of the question to ensure students are learning the concepts and not cheating the system. With detailed, instant feedback, multiple attempts, and interactive learning resources, students get the help they need without fear of losing points. Now with improved student and instructor tools and greater functionality, OWLv2 is more robust than ever. Learning chemistry takes a lot of practice, but mastering it takes OWLv2. Visit www.CENGAGE.com/owlv2 to learn more.

OWLv2, 4 terms (24 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305864182 | ISBN-13: 9781305864184)

Students can use this ISBN at www.CENGAGEbrain.com to purchase instant access to OWLv2, the most trusted online learning solution for chemistry with the MindTap Reader version Chemical Principles 8e. Mastering a skill takes practice, but a good coach makes that practice meaningful. Unlike other online homework systems that just drill, OWLv2’s Mastery Learning activities allow students to work at their own pace until they understand each concept and skill. Each time a student tries a problem, OWLv2 changes the chemicals, values, and sometimes even the wording of the question to ensure students are learning the concepts and not cheating the system. With detailed, instant feedback, multiple attempts, and interactive learning resources, students get the help they need without fear of losing points. Now with improved student and instructor tools and greater functionality, OWLv2 is more robust than ever. Learning chemistry takes a lot of practice, but mastering it takes OWLv2. Visit www.CENGAGE.com/owlv2 to learn more.

OWLv2, 4 terms (24 months) Printed Access Car  (ISBN-10: 1305864166 | ISBN-13: 9781305864160)

Mastering a skill takes practice, but a good coach makes that practice meaningful. Unlike other online homework systems that just drill, OWLv2’s Mastery Learning activities allow students to work at their own pace until they understand each concept and skill. Each time a student tries a problem, OWLv2 changes the chemicals, values, and sometimes even the wording of the question to ensure students are learning the concepts and not cheating the system. With detailed, instant feedback, multiple attempts, and interactive learning resources, students get the help they need without fear of losing points. Now with improved student and instructor tools and greater functionality, OWLv2 is more robust than ever. Learning chemistry takes a lot of practice, but mastering it takes OWLv2. Visit www.CENGAGE.com/owlv2 to learn more.

Essential Algebra for Chemistry Students  (ISBN-10: 0495013277 | ISBN-13: 9780495013273)

Available for packaging with any CENGAGE textbook, this short book is intended for students who lack confidence and/or competency in the essential mathematics skills necessary to survive in general chemistry. Each chapter focuses on a specific type of skill and has worked-out examples to show how these skills translate to chemical problem solving. This book is also available for students to purchase separately at www.CENGAGEbrain.com.

The Guide to Surviving General Chemistry  (ISBN-10: 1305391381 | ISBN-13: 9781305391383)

Available packaged with any CENGAGE textbook, this helpful guide is a frontline resource for students who need extra help or want to improve their General Chemistry grade. Written by a student with extensive tutoring experience who understands where students struggle most and using terms that they most relate to and understand, this guide helps students see that they can actually master chemistry concepts. GUIDE TO SURVIVING GENERAL CHEMISTRY includes study tips and example problems with worked out solutions for all topics in general chemistry, and is endorsed by Professor Mark Oram, Ph.D, for accuracy and topic coverage. This book is also available for students to purchase separately at www.CENGAGEbrain.com.

Student Supplements

Study Guide  (ISBN-10: 1305867122 | ISBN-13: 9781305867123)

The perfect way to prepare for exams, build problem-solving skills, and get the grade you want! This comprehensive self-study aid contains alternative strategies for solving problems, supplemental explanations for the most difficult material, and self-tests. Approximately 400 worked examples and 1,200 practice problems (with answers) are included to help you master the concepts covered in the text.

Student Solutions Manual eBook, 4 terms (24 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305867149 | ISBN-13: 9781305867147)

Prepare for exams and succeed in your chemistry course with this eBook version of the Student Solutions Manual! This comprehensive manual contains answer and detailed solutions to all the in-chapter Exercises, Concept Checks, and Self-Assessment and Review Questions, as well as step-by-step solutions to selected odd-numbered end-of-chapter problems.

Student Solutions Manual  (ISBN-10: 1305867114 | ISBN-13: 9781305867116)

Prepare for exams and succeed in your chemistry course with this comprehensive solutions manual! This manual contains answers and detailed solutions to all the in-chapter Exercises, Concept Checks, and Self-Assessment and Review Questions, plus step-by-step solutions to selected odd-numbered end-of-chapter problems.

OWLv2, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305864212 | ISBN-13: 9781305864214)

If your instructor requires OWLv2 for this course, you can use this ISBN to purchase instant access with the MindTap Reader version of Chemical Principles 8e at www.CENGAGEbrain.com. Mastering a skill takes practice, but a good coach makes that practice meaningful. Unlike other online homework systems that just drill, OWLv2’s Mastery Learning activities allow you to work at your own pace until you understand each concept and skill. Each time you try a problem, OWLv2 changes the chemicals, values, and sometimes even the wording of the question to ensure you are learning the concepts and not just doing homework. With detailed, instant feedback, multiple attempts, and interactive learning resources, you get the help you need without fear of losing points. Now with improved answer entry and input tools, OWLv2 is more robust than ever. Learning chemistry takes a lot of practice, but mastering it takes OWLv2.To learn more, visit www.CENGAGE.com/owlv2 or talk to your instructor.

OWLv2, 1 term (6 months) Printed Access Card  (ISBN-10: 1305864204 | ISBN-13: 9781305864207)

Mastering a skill takes practice, but a good coach makes that practice meaningful. Unlike other online homework systems that just drill, OWLv2’s Mastery Learning activities allow you to work at your own pace until you understand each concept and skill. Each time you try a problem, OWLv2 changes the chemicals, values, and sometimes even the wording of the question to ensure you are learning the concepts and not just doing homework. With detailed, instant feedback, multiple attempts, and interactive learning resources, you get the help you need without fear of losing points. Now with improved answer entry and input tools, OWLv2 is more robust than ever. Learning chemistry takes a lot of practice, but mastering it takes OWLv2. To learn more, visit www.CENGAGE.com/owlv2 or talk to your instructor.

OWLv2, 4 terms (24 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305864182 | ISBN-13: 9781305864184)

If your instructor requires OWLv2 for this course, you can use this ISBN to purchase instant access with the MindTap Reader version of Chemical Principles 8e at www.CENGAGEbrain.com. Mastering a skill takes practice, but a good coach makes that practice meaningful. Unlike other online homework systems that just drill, OWLv2’s Mastery Learning activities allow you to work at your own pace until you understand each concept and skill. Each time you try a problem, OWLv2 changes the chemicals, values, and sometimes even the wording of the question to ensure you are learning the concepts and not just doing homework. With detailed, instant feedback, multiple attempts, and interactive learning resources, you get the help you need without fear of losing points. Now with improved answer entry and input tools, OWLv2 is more robust than ever. Learning chemistry takes a lot of practice, but mastering it takes OWLv2. To learn more, visit www.CENGAGE.com/owlv2 or talk to your instructor.

OWLv2, 4 terms (24 months) Printed Access Car  (ISBN-10: 1305864166 | ISBN-13: 9781305864160)

Mastering a skill takes practice, but a good coach makes that practice meaningful. Unlike other online homework systems that just drill, OWLv2’s Mastery Learning activities allow you to work at your own pace until you understand each concept and skill. Each time you try a problem, OWLv2 changes the chemicals, values, and sometimes even the wording of the question to ensure you are learning the concepts and not just doing homework. With detailed, instant feedback, multiple attempts, and interactive learning resources, you get the help you need without fear of losing points. Now with improved answer entry and input tools, OWLv2 is more robust than ever. Learning chemistry takes a lot of practice, but mastering it takes OWLv2. To learn more, visit www.CENGAGE.com/owlv2 or talk to your instructor.

OWLv2 with eBook and Student Solutions Manual 24 months Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305942868 | ISBN-13: 9781305942868)

Develop the qualitative, conceptual foundation you need to think like a chemist with CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES, 8e. Designed for students with solid mathematical preparation, this best-seller emphasizes models, everyday applications of chemistry, and a thoughtful, step-by-step problem-solving approach.

Survival Guide for General Chemistry with Math Review and Proficiency Questions: How to Get an A  (ISBN-10: 1305629566 | ISBN-13: 9781305629561)

This survival guide is designed to help you solve problems you are likely to encounter in your General Chemistry course. Understand the thought process needed to tackle some of these problems by dissecting them into manageable chunks. Build the confidence you need to master your course with three levels of proficiency questions: A, B, and minimal. Available for packaging with any CENGAGE textbook or available separately for a minimal cost at CENGAGEbrain.com.

Essential Algebra for Chemistry Students  (ISBN-10: 0495013277 | ISBN-13: 9780495013273)

Available for packaging with any CENGAGE textbook or available separately for a minimal cost at CENGAGEbrain.com, this short book is intended for students who lack confidence and/or competency in the essential mathematics skills necessary to survive in general chemistry. Each chapter focuses on a specific type of skill and has worked-out examples to show how these skills translate to chemical problem solving.

The Guide to Surviving General Chemistry  (ISBN-10: 1305391381 | ISBN-13: 9781305391383)

Being a student himself, Michael Rosen knows exactly how it feels when trying to learn difficult concepts. He has extensive experience tutoring General Chemistry and understands where students need help the most. GUIDE TO SURVIVING GENERAL CHEMISTRY is a straight-to-the-point resource that gives you exactly what you need to know, along with the best techniques for learning general chemistry. Endorsed by Professor Mark Oram, Ph.D for accuracy and topic coverage, this text is filled with study tips, example problems, and worked out solutions for all topics in the course This book is the ideal guide for mastering General Chemistry. Available packaged with any CENGAGE textbook or available separately for a minimal cost at CENGAGEbrain.com.