Nelson Higher Education

Higher Education

Thermodynamics for Engineers, SI Edition, 1st Edition

  • Kenneth A. Kroos
  • Merle C. Potter
  • ISBN-10: 1133112870
  • ISBN-13: 9781133112877
  • 624 Pages | Paperback
  • COPYRIGHT: 2015 Published
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  • The mathematics (calculus) needed has been kept to a minimum so that all students can follow the developments.

  • Learning outcomes are listed at the start of each chapter and identified as completed at relevant places in the text, followed by a summary at the end of each chapter.

  • Short concept quizzes included at the completion of each outcome to test the students.

  • Real-world parallels are drawn at appropriate places to help students relate to abstract concepts.

  • Equal emphasis is laid on qualitative and quantitative coverage, theory and application, and core concepts and current trends.

  • Solved examples illustrate clear problem solving methodology and focus on real-world applications of thermodynamics concepts.

  • Sustainability and Bio-related themes will run throughout the text making the text more relevant to current day students.

  • FE Type problems will be included at the end of each chapter, these will help students prepare for certification exams and aid instructors in short quizzes

  • End-of-Chapter exercises will serve to check the students' understanding and provide instructors with an extensive set of homework and exam questions.

  • The text can be ordered using SI units throughout, if desired.


"In general, the writing is clear and to the point without straying. Much of the space it taken up by the examples, which is generally a good approach for thermodynamics. The key point is to design exercises that allow the student to practice without having them look so similar to the examples that the students do not need to think. I believe the text rises to this challenge."
— John Kramlich, University of Washington Department of Mechanical Engineering

About the Author

Kenneth A. Kroos

Kenneth A. Kroos has a B.S., M.S., and PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Toledo. He taught for five years at Christian Brothers College in Memphis, Tennessee, served as Student Section Advisor and Chair of the Memphis-Mid-south Section of ASME. Dr. Kroos joined Villanova University in 1982, teaching courses thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and several others. He serves as Assistant Department Chair for the Mechanical Engineering Department, has authored more than fifteen publications in the fields of fluid mechanics, heat transfer, engineering education and computer graphics for flow visualization, performed research in computer graphics for the U. S. Army Ballistics Research Lab, and consulted for a number of companies in the Memphis and Philadelphia areas. Dr. Kroos is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and a member of the American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE). He served as Vice President of ASME in 2001 and served a three year term on the Council for Member Affairs.

Merle C. Potter

Dr. Merle C. Potter holds a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering and an M.S. in Engineering Mechanics from Michigan Technological University, as well as an M.S. in Aerospace Engineering and a Ph.D. in Engineering Mechanics from the University of Michigan. Dr. Potter taught for 40 years, including 33 of years at Michigan State University where he taught thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and numerous other courses. Dr. Potter has authored and co-authored 35 textbooks, help books, and engineering exam review books. He has specialized in fluid flow stability and energy research. He has received numerous awards, including the Ford Faculty Scholarship, the Teacher-Scholar Award, the ASME Centennial Award, the MSU Mechanical Engineering Faculty Award, and the James Harry Potter Thermodynamics Gold Medal. Dr. Potter is a member of ASEE, ASME, and the American Academy of Mechanics.

Table of Contents

1. Basic Concepts and Systems of Units.
1.1. Introduction.
1.2. Dimensions and Units.
1.3. Properties, Processes, and Equilibrium.
1.4. Pressure.
1.5. Temperature.
1.6. Energy.
1.7. Summary.
2. Properties of Pure Substances.
2.1. Phases of a Substance.
2.2. Internal Energy and Enthalpy.
2.3. Refrigerants.
2.4. Ideal Gas Law.
2.5. Real Gas Equations of State.
2.6. Internal Energy and Enthalpy of Ideal Gases.
2.7. Specific Heats of Liquids and Solids.
2.8. Summary.
3. The First Law for Systems.
3.1. Work.
3.2. Heat Transfer.
3.3. Problem Solving Method.
3.4. The First Law Applied to Systems.
3.5. The First Law Applied to Various Processes.
3.6. Cycles.
3.7. Summary.
4. The First Law Applied to Control Volumes.
4.1. The Conservation of Mass for Control Volumes.
4.2. The First Law for Control Volumes.
4.3. Unsteady Flow.
4.4. Devices Combined into Cycles.
4.5. Summary.
5. The Second Law of Thermodynamics.
5.1. Second Law Concepts.
5.2. Statements of The Second Law of Thermodynamics.
5.3. Cycle Performance Parameters.
5.4. The Carnot Cycle.
5.5. Summary.
6. Entropy.
6.1. Inequality of Clausius.
6.2. Entropy.
6.3. of an Entropy Change in Substances.
6.4. Entropy Changes for a Control Volume.
6.5. Isentropic Efficiency.
6.6. Exergy (Availability) and Irreversibility.
6.7. Summary.
7. Thermodynamic Relations.
7.1. The Maxwell Relations.
7.2. The Clapeyron Equation.
7.3. Relationships for Internal Energy, Enthalpy, Entropy, and Specific Heats.
7.4. The Joule-Thompson Coefficient.
7.5. Real Gas Effects.
7.6. Summary.
8. The Rankine Power Cycle.
8.1. Energy Sustainability.
8.2. The Rankine Cycle.
8.3. Modified Rankine Cycles.
8.4. Cogeneration Cycles.
8.5. Losses in Power Plants.
8.6. Summary.
9. Gas Power Cycles.
9.1. Air-Standard Analysis.
9.2. Reciprocating Engine Terminology.
9.3. The Otto Cycle.
9.4. The Diesel Cycle.
9.5. Other Gas Power Cycles.
9.6. Brayton Cycle.
9.7. The Combined Brayton-Rankine Cycle.
9.8. Summary.
10. Refrigeration Cycles.
10.1. The Vapor Compression-Refrigeration Cycle.
10.2. Cascade Refrigeration Systems.
10.3. Absorption Refrigeration.
10.4. Gas Refrigeration Systems.
10.5. Summary.
11. Mixtures and Psychrometrics.
11.1. Gas Mixtures.
11.2. Air-Vapor Mixture and Psychrometry.
11.3. Air-Conditioning Processes.
11.4. Summary.
12. Combustion.
12.1. Introduction.
12.2. Combustion Reactions.
12.3. The Enthalpy of Formation and the Enthalpy of Combustion.
12.4. Adiabatic Flame Temperature.
12.5. Actual Flame Temperature.
12.6. Equilibrium Reactions.
12.7. Summary.
13. Alternative Energy Conversion.
13.1. Biofuels.
13.2. Solar Energy.
13.3. Fuel Cells.
13.4. Thermoelectric Generators.
13.5. Geothermal Energy.
13.6. Wind Energy.
13.7. Ocean and Hydroelectric Energy.
13.8. Summary.
14. Thermodynamics of Living Organisms.
14.1. Energy Conversion in Plants.
14.2. Energy Conversion in Animals.
14.3. Generation of Biological Work.
14.4. Summary.
A Conversion of Units.
B Material Properties.
C Steam Tables – SI Units.
Steam Tables – English Units.
D Thermodynamic Properties of R134a– SI Units.
Thermodynamic Properties of R134a – English Units.
E Properties of Ammonia– SI Units.
F Ideal-Gas Tables – SI Units.
G Psychrometric Chart.
H Compressibility Chart.
I Enthalpy Departure Charts.
J Entropy Departure Charts.


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