Nelson Higher Education

Higher Education


Changing the Game: Title IX, Gender, College Athletics

  • Joseph Bizup
  • Abigail Perkiss
  • ISBN-10: 0393696669
  • ISBN-13: 9780393696660
  • 0 Pages | Paperback
  • COPYRIGHT: 2020 Available June 2020
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About the Product

Part of the Reacting to the Past series, Changing the Game shows students how a dramatic change in American society began in a debate over Title IX and college athletics. This Reacting to the Past game is set at a fictional university in the mid-1990s. A debate over the role of athletics quickly expands to encompass demands that women’s sports and athletes receive more resources and opportunities. The result is a firestorm of controversy on and off campus. Drawing on congressional testimonies from the Title IX hearings, players advance their views in student government meetings, talk radio shows, town meetings, and impromptu rallies. As students wrestle with questions of gender parity and the place of athletics in higher education, they learn about the implementation—and implications—of legal change in the United States. Reacting to the Past is an award-winning series of immersive role-playing games that actively engage students in their own learning. Students assume the roles of historical characters to practice critical thinking, primary source analysis, and both written and spoken argument. Adopted by thousands of instructors at all types of institutions, Reacting to the Past games are flexible enough to be used across the curriculum, from first-year general education classes and discussion sections of lecture classes to capstone experiences and honors programs.


  • Makes history come alive Students participate in active learning when they are part of the game. Each student receives a game book, outlining the historical context, game premise, central debates, rules, and readings. Students then assume roles in a game of strategy they will want to win. They must adhere to the worldview of their historical figure, but are not limited by a script. They must express their ideas compellingly in speeches, presentations, and more.

  • Games made easy With clear organization and helpful instructor resources, playing the game is easy. Each Norton-original game book has a clear five-part structure. This organization brings a much-demanded consistency to the series and makes it easy for instructors to teach multiple titles in succession. The Gamemaster’s Materials required to run each game are similarly helpful and well-organized.

  • A proven approach, supported by a national network When playing Reacting to the Past games students develop history skills like primary source analysis, public speaking, writing and argument, critical thinking, problem solving, and leadership. For this innovative approach, the series has been supported by the Teagle Foundation and the U.S. Department of Education. The series was developed at Barnard College. The Reacting Consortium is a national network of enthusiastic instructors who connect through regular conferences and on social media.

Table of Contents


Brief Overview of the Game


How to React



Sport, Gender, and Equality: The Origins of Title IX

Distributive Justice: Toward a Theory of Compliance

How Does a University Work?


Major Issues for Debate and Learning Objectives

Rules and Procedures

Basic Outline of the Game

Outline of Assignments and Duties




United States Congress, Title IX, 1972

Office of Civil Rights, Clarification of Intercollegiate Athletics Policy Guidance: The Three-Part Test, 1996

All American Girls Professional Baseball League, Rules of Conduct, 1943-1954

Heather Ross Miller, Half-court Basketball: Power and Sex, 1992

Betty Friedan, National Organization of Women Statement of Purpose, 1966

Gilbert and Williamson, Sports is Unfair to Women, Sports Illustrated, 1973

Brenda Feigen Fasteau, Give Women a Sporting Chance, 1973

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Policy Interpretation: Title IX and Intercollegiate Athletics, 1979

Linda Carpenter and R. Vivian Acosta, Women in Intercollegiate Sport: A Longitudinal, National Study Thirty-Seven Year Update, 2014

Jessica Gavora, How Women Beat Men at College Sports, 1995

United States Congress, Hearing on Title IX of the Education Amendments, 1972


Selected Bibliography