Name: 
 

Chapter 1 Self-Quiz



Part A Modified True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.  If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the sentence or statement true.
 

 1. 

Both animal cells and plant cells contain vacuoles. ____________________

 

 2. 

The low concentration of oxygen in the cells causes diffusion of oxygen out of the cells. ____________________

 

 3. 

Diffusion is the movement of substances from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration. ____________________

 

 4. 

Osmosis is the movement of water across a membrane from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration. ____________________

 

Part B Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

 5. 

A structure that carries materials through the cytoplasm is called ______________________________ .
 

 

 6. 

The ____________________ power magnification is best for scanning objects under the microscope.
 

 

 7. 

Many of the chemical activities in the cell take place in the ____________________.
 

 

 8. 

Ribosomes are the sites of ____________________ production.
 

 

Part C Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 9. 

Animals get their energy by
a.
producing it
c.
photosynthesis
b.
eating other organisms
d.
dividing
 

 10. 

Which of the following is part of the cell theory?
a.
All cells reproduce.
c.
All cells get rid of waste.
b.
All cells breathe.
d.
All cells arise from other cells.
 

 11. 

What do eukaryotic cells contain?
a.
cell membrane
c.
chromosome
b.
vacuole
d.
nucleus
 

 12. 

An example of a prokaryotic cell is
a.
a plant cell
c.
bacteria
b.
an animal cell
d.
any cell
 

 13. 

Which microscope produces digital three-dimensional images?
a.
light microscope
c.
scanning electron microscope
b.
transmission electron microscope
d.
single lens microscope
 
 
Figure 1.1
nar001-1.jpg
 

 14. 

In Figure 1.1, which structure produces proteins?
a.
ribosomes
c.
nucleus
b.
Golgi apparatus
d.
mitochondrion
 

 15. 

In Figure 1.1, which structure supplies the cell’s energy?
a.
ribosomes
c.
nucleus
b.
Golgi apparatus
d.
mitochondrion
 

 16. 

The movement of water through a selectively permeable membrane is called
a.
diffusion
c.
mitosis
b.
osmosis
d.
meiosis
 

 17. 

Which of the following is used to focus the beam of electrons in a transmission electron microscope?
a.
fine adjustment knob
c.
magnets
b.
coarse adjustment knob
d.
ocular
 

Part D Short Answer
Use sentences to answer the following questions.
 

 18. 

Identify the characteristics of living things for each of the following examples:
a. Plant roots grow downwards.
b. Human kidneys produce urine.
c. Geese lay eggs that hatch into goslings.
d. The lifespan of humans is around 80 years.
e. We eat everyday.
 

 19. 

What is the total magnification of a microscope with an eyepiece with 15X magnification and an ocular of 40X?
 

 20. 

List the main differences between plant and animal cells.
 

 21. 

What are the main advantages and disadvantages of a transmitting electron microscope and a scanning electron microscope?
 

 22. 

Explain how osmosis and turgor pressure are related.
 



 
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