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General

HyperHistory Online presents 3000 years of world history through interactive lifelines, timelines, and maps. You can search under the main headings: People, History, Events, and Maps.

2Learn.ca for Teens is a website that offers homework help in social studies as well as thousands of links to social studies topics. It provides a wealth of information geared to Alberta students. Use the toolbar at the top of the page for Social Studies materials. Select your grade and topic.

The UNESCO World Heritage List includes photos and descriptions of 830 areas in the world that are designated as heritage sites that need to be protected. Most are sites of historic, architectural, or environmental importance. The website is organized by country, with the heritage sites then described. Look up the countries listed in your textbook and visit a few of their historic places, like the historic centre of Urbino in Italy, the historic monuments of ancient Kyoto in Japan, and Xochimilco in Mexico.

The Sacred Destinations Travel Guide provides detailed information about sacred sites around the world. It is organized by country and by category (including cathedrals, mosques, ancient mysteries). There is information on Islamic mosques, major cathedrals in Italian cities, Japanese Buddhist and Shinto shrines, and pyramids in Teotihuacan and the Templo Mayor in Tenochtitlan.

Case Study One
Introduction page 12
The Allentown Art Museum presents an interactive website which includes images from their collection. Explore Renaissance life, art and innovations, and their connection to the present day.

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CHAPTER 1

Chapter 1 page 14 Roman and Byzantine Empires
The Illustrated History of the Roman Empire website includes the history of the empire from its founding to its decline. It explores Roman society, military, philosophies, religion, influences, and prominent leaders. Maps, images, and a search engine are provided.

This Metropolitan Museum of Art website provides details about the Byzantine Empire, including its history, influences, maps, and timelines. It also presents key works of art from Byzantium.

Chapter 1 page 16 Silk Road and Islamic civilization
The Silk Road Foundation is a website dedicated to building ties between eastern and western civilizations linked by the Silk Road. Search links that include lectures, articles, maps, and other information about the Silk Road. An interesting link on cultures along the Silk Road presents examples of folklore, sports, games, and music.

The Silk Road Project celebrates the living traditional arts of peoples along the Silk Road lands. The website presents artists along the vast network of trade routes, whose flow of ideas, culture, music, and art crossed the mountains and deserts of Central Asia to connect East Asia and the Mediterranean.

The Islamic Civilization website offers a number of articles on various aspects of Islamic civilization, including science, civilization, history, and Islam in Andalusia (Spain and Portugal) and the Americas.

Advancing the Islamic Intellectual Tradition, is a short movie available for download. The film celebrates the establishment of the Edmonton Council of Muslim Communities Chair in Islamic Studies at the University of Alberta, a position which explores the diversity of traditions, cultures and interpretations of Islam.

Chapter 1 page 20 Crusades
The Medieval Crusades website provides the background to the crusades and descriptions of the crusades as they unfolded.

Chapter 1 page 22 Fibonacci
Fibonacci Numbers and the Golden Section presents over 200 pages of information on the Fibonacci sequence. It gives information and images of the sequence in nature (flowers, seedheads, and leaf arrangements, for example), in art and also a number of mathematical problems at all levels that use the sequence. You can also find out about the life of Fibonacci.

Chapter 1 page 23 Feudal System
Feudal Life, an online exhibit, describes the political and social organization in the feudal system and the life of various social classes.

The History on the Net website presents a clear description of the hierarchy of the medieval feudal system.

The Feudal System website provides information on the feudal system, including the hierarchical structure, the Royal court, the manor, life in the towns, barons, medieval soldiers, and peasants.

Chapter 1 page 24 Duc de Berry, Books of Hours
This University of Chicago website provides excellent detail about the book of hours, the painters and their paintings, and the patron, Duc de Barry.

Chapter 1 page 25 Black Death
Explore this PBS website on the Black Death and find how the plague spread across Europe. Read about the experience of a small English town.

Visit the EyeWitness to History website and read firsthand accounts of those that lived through the Black Death and the impact on medieval society.

Chapter 1 page 33 Timbuktu, Cuzco, Cahokia
Discover the history of Timbuktu and its importance to the Islamic Empire. You can find a number of useful links to other websites that have images, weather, mythological aspects, and many more topics related to Timbuktu.

This Cuzco website provides maps, images, and descriptions of Cuzco as an important ritual centre of the Incan empire.

Visit the official website of the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site and find out about Cahokia structures and people, and its protected status.

Read the fascinating article Pyramid Found in New England about the discovery of a pyramid and other structures in Vermont. You can find information on archaeological digs around the world on the Archaeological Institute of America website.

Chapter 1 page 34 Florence
About Florence.com provides links for people interested in visiting modern Florence, but also has links to the history of Florence, its art and culture, monuments, museums, and economy.

The Welcome to Florence homepage has excellent links to information about Florence, including history, art, Renaissance, architecture, literature, pictures, and museums.

Chapter 1 page 37 Venice
The Venetia website provides links to Venetian history and curiosity, and has links to additional information.

The Venice Travel Guide provides information for today’s tourist, including information on the geography, climate, history, museums, and culture of Venice. A photo gallery is provided.

Chapter 1 page 42 Genoa
Find out more about Genoa. This tourism website provides information on the history, museums, culture, and aspects of Genovese life.

Destinations Genoa provides information for tourists, with links to churches, buildings and monuments, museums and galleries, plus information on geography, history and culture.

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CHAPTER 2

Chapter 2 page 49 Canadians
Look up prominent Canadian citizens on The Canadian Encyclopedia website and read about their contributions to the development of Canadian society.

Discover high-profile Canadians at the Famous Canadians Theme Page. You can search by categories such as politicians, poets, prime ministers, women, and many others.

Chapter 2 page 53 Gutenberg Bible
The British Library explores the life of Johann Gutenberg and the impact of the printing press. You can also view both their paper and vellum copies of the Gutenberg Bible in digital format.

The Ransom Centre website includes digital images of their copy of the Gutenberg Bible, as well as details about Johann Gutenberg, the printing process, and the spread of printing. There is also a section for K–12 educators.

Chapter 2 page 57 Petrarch
Petrach, Father of Humanism gives a timeline of the life of Petrarch, a biography, and examples of his writings that illustrate his philosophies of humanism.

Chapter 2 page 58 Erasmus
The History Guide: Erasmus provides information on the life and writings of well-known humanist Erasmus.

Chapter 2 page 59 Montaigne
This website on Michel Eyguem de Montaigne provides biographical information, a timeline of his life, and explanations of his philosophies.

Chapter 2 page 60-61 Take An Internet Field Trip: Museums and Art Galleries
Information and artifacts linked to each of the case study topics (the Renaissance, Edo and Meiji Japan, and Spanish and Aztec societies) can be found at the online exhibits of world-renowned museums and galleries. See below for suggestions and links.

The Firenze Musei is a network of thirteen state museums in Florence, collectively exhibiting approximately three hundred thousand works of art. Their most high-profile collections belong to the Florentine Renaissance; see the Accademia Gallery for the original statue of David and the Uffizi Gallery for their collection containing artwork by Leonardo da Vinci, Botticelli, Raphael, and Michelangelo, among others.

Visit the Scuola Grande di San Rocco, located in Venice, for their Tintoretto collection and the Galleria Nazionale di Palazzo Spinoza in Genoa.

The Louvre in Paris and London’s National Gallery and the British Museum, and New York City’s Metropolitan Museum of Art have extensive collections featuring pieces from the Renaissance, Edo and Meiji Japan, and Aztec and Spanish societies.

For examples of Japanese art, architecture and decorative arts from the Edo and Meiji period, visit the Edo-Tokyo Museum and the Tokyo National Museum, both located in Tokyo.

View exhibits from the Museo de Templo Mayor and the Museo Nacional de Antropologia in Mexico City and the Museo Nacional de Antropologia in Madrid.

Visit a few museums in the capital cities of the United States and Canada. The Smithsonian Institution and the National Gallery of Art in Washington D.C. have a number of exhibits and collections that will support the three case studies, as does the Museum of Civilization and the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa, Ontario. The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco has a number of interesting collections available online.

Chapter 2 page 62 Renaissance Art
Renaissance Art in Italy provides many links on the development of the Renaissance Art movement, from early Renaissance to High Renaissance and everything in between. You can do web searches to find information on individual artists and paintings.

Chapter 2 page 69 Copernicus
Visit this website on Nicolas Copernicus to read his biography and the ways his discoveries changed the worldview of the time.

Chapter 2 page 71 Viete
The website about François Viète provides biographical information and his contributions to mathematics.

Chapter 2 page 72 Writers
Find information on writer and humanist François Rabelais, his life and his most famous works, Gargantua and Pantagruel.

La Pléiade gives information about this group of sixteenth-century poets and links to some of its key members: Pierre de Ronsard, Joachim du Bellay, and Jean-Antoine de Baïf.

Check out the Internet Shakespeare Editions website. Read about the life, times, ideas, and works of William Shakespeare, one of history’s most influential writers.

Chapter 2 page 74 Leonardo da Vinci
The Institute and Museum of the History of Science displays many of Leonardo da Vinci’s paintings, pages from his notebooks, his designs and scientific advances. The website explores Leonardo as a Renaissance Man.

Chapter 2 page 79 Women
This website on Renaissance Women presents information on two important women of the period: Isabella d’Este and Catherine de Medici.

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CHAPTER 3

Chapter 3 page 91 Martin Luther
This PBS website presents the life of Luther and discusses the effect of his ideas and writings on religion in Europe in the sixteenth century. You can also find facts and trivia about Luther and the life of monks at the time.

Chapter 3 page 101 Carracks and Caravels
Read about Carrack and Caravels, vessels used by explorers Magellan and Columbus to sail across the Atlantic.

Learn more about the advantages of the carrack over other ships for traveling the oceans at the Pirate's Realm website.

Chapter 3 page 102 Henry the Navigator
The Henry the Navigator website provides details about Prince Henry’s life and his support of navigation. Links to related websites are also provided.

This website about Prince Henry the Navigator outlines his contributions to ship design and Portuguese exploration.

Chapter 3 page 103 Age of Exploration
This University of Calgary website provides information about European exploration of the world in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Primarily focused on the explorations of Portugal and Spain, the website looks at the various destinations, for example, the Caribbean, the Americas, and Asia, including Japan.

The Mariner’s Museum presents information relevant to many of the explorations discussed in the text. Click on the site map to easily find the links to Portuguese explorers, ships, and navigation methods, Christopher Columbus, Ferdinand Magellan, as well as English and French explorers.

Chapter 3 page 105 Columbus
The ibiblio website about Christopher Columbus details his life, explorations, and his relationship with the Spanish monarchy.

The Columbus Navigation homepage gives detailed information about Christopher Columbus’ voyage across the Atlantic, his crew, his ships, and navigation techniques.

Chapter 3 page 106 Magellan
Read the first person account of the life and voyages of Magellan on the ThinkQuest website.

Chapter 3 page 112 Columbian Exchange
The Columbian Exchange is the term used to describe the transportation of animals, plants, disease, and ideas between Europe and the Americas after Columbus landed in the New World. You can read an article from the National Humanities Center to learn about the impact of the Columbian exchange on each continent. Learn more about the items and ideas exchanged between the Old and New Worlds.

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CHAPTER 4

Chapter 4 page 125
Visit Kids Web Japan to find information on Japan, its people, culture, history, and language. It features animation, games, and sections on virtual culture, technology, language, foods, anime, manga, and many more aspects of modern Japan.

Chapter 4 page 128
Learn important information about Japan’s geography, population, earthquakes and volcanoes, and climate at the Japan-Guide website. It also provides useful links to websites on Japanese statistics, weather offices, and related government departments.

The easy-to-use Japanese Lifestyle website provides information on Japan’s regions and cities, as well as its government, geography, travel, population, climate, history, culture, and economy.

Nihongo.org presents an excellent website of Japanese maps. Go to the Japan Travel Updates: Japan Maps, which takes you to an interactive map of Japan. From it, you can click to explore every region and major city of modern-day Japan. Some of these websites will be useful throughout Case Study Two.

Chapter 4 page 132
This website presents Edo Japan: A Virtual Tour. The website takes you to the year 1797. Click on the pink question mark at the top left to learn how to move through the website. Move your cursor carefully to find the hidden hotspots. The website provides all types of information about life in Japan during the Edo Period.

Chapter 4 page 141 and page 157
Visit the Samurai Archives to learn about famous samurai, samurai culture, military rulers of Japan, emperors and empresses, famous women, clans, ranks, history, and more.

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CHAPTER 5

Chapter 5 page 167
The Ainu Museum provides links that give detailed information on all aspects of Ainu people, their day-to-day life, history, culture, and traditions.

This Smithsonian Institution website provides information on the origin of the Ainu and their relationship with modern Japan.

Chapter 5 page 186
This part of the Modern Japan in Archives website provides very detailed information about the Iwakura Mission and the development of the Meiji state.

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CHAPTER 6

Chapter 6 page 192
Meiji Restoration is an interactive website designed for students to explore life and changes in Meiji Japan, including such topics as the game of Go, comparison of homes, ginza, and sumo. Explore the change in government, economy, and culture during the Meiji Period.

Chapter 6 page 212
Photographic Views of Meija presents a number of photographs of life in Meiji Japan.

Chapter 6 page 214
The Metropolitan Museum of Art describes the effect of the Japonisme movement on many of the West’s famous painters.

Case Study Three page 226
The Mexicolore website provides information on all things Aztec. There are links to a question of the month, Aztec life, artifacts, stories, language, calendar, music, and the Spanish Conquest. Many aspects of Aztec culture are colourfully presented.

The Sister Stories website provides a number of links to other pages that give information about Aztec life, history, language, and beliefs. Often this information is provided through translations of Aztec documents.

The Si! Spain website gives links to numerous topics about Spain, its geography, history, current statistics, language, and politics.

The PBS website offers a virtual field trip with interactive activities exploring the Spanish conquest of the Americas and its peoples for Spain. Explore timelines of the conquests and notebooks of a person making a film on the conquest of Mexico.

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CHAPTER 7

Chapter 7 page 228, 230
The Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection has links to multiple maps of Mexico and Spain. View political, historical, and thematic maps, as well as maps showing key information about geography, climate, and vegetation.

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CHAPTER 8

Chapter 8 page 262
This ThinkQuest website describes Aztec life, religion, and technology, as well as providing timelines of the empire and its rulers.

Chapter 8 page 286
Ancient Scripts website on Aztec writing details the development of Aztec writing and the meaning of a number of their glyphs.

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CHAPTER 9

Chapter 9, page 300
A Journey Through the Spanish Conquest examines the impact of the Conquest on the Aztecs and Incas in Peru and the implications for the Spanish and Portuguese position in Europe.

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