Our Land and People
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CHAPTER 1: The Appalachian Region—a Land by the Sea

Visit Natural Resources Canada to find images of the Appalachian region.

Learn about an early settlement in the Appalachian region at the Parks Canada: Saint Croix Island website.

Learn more about the Acadians from the CBC.

Information about Acadian farming and dikes can be found at the Nova Scotia Museum website.

Weather information is available at the Weather Network.

Visit Montague Regional High School’s potato farming website to learn about the history of potato farming in Prince Edward Island.

Find out why New Brunswick’s forests are endangered.

Learn about the collapse of the cod fishery from the University of Toronto.

The history and ways of life of the cod fishery as well as the impact of its decline are described on the CBC Archives website.



CHAPTER 2: The Great Lakes– St. Lawrence Lowlands Region—a Changed Landscape

Visit the get2knowcanada website for quick facts about the land, climate, and people of the Great Lakes– St. Lawrence Lowlands region.

To learn more about the Seaway, check out the Great Lakes– St. Lawrence Seaway System and take the interactive Seaway tour.

To watch stories about the building of the Seaway, visit the CBC Archives website.

Visit the CBC Archives website for stories related to the 1998 ice storm.

Learn how to prepare for an emergency like a blackout or severe storm and find out how to create your own emergency kit.

To learn more about the maple syrup making process, visit the Canadian Encyclopedia website, then watch the Historica Minute, “Settling Canada”.

Check out the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia website for quick facts on Montréal, Ottawa, and Québec City.

The EcoKids website has information, games, and activities on all kinds of environmental issues.

Find out how air quality is monitored in Alberta on the Environment Alberta website.

Visit Air Quality Ontario to get air quality forecasts for various in Ontario cities.

Explore national parks in the Lowlands region through the Parks Canada website.



CHAPTER 3: The Canadian Shield Region— a Resource Storehouse

The dynamic Alberta Online Encyclopedia has helpful information on landforms of the Canadian Shield region.

For quick facts on the land, climate, and people of the Canadian Shield, visit the get2knowCanada website.

The Canadian Geographic website has information about Canada’s fresh water lakes and rivers.

For weather and climate related information visit the Weather Network and the Weather Channel.



CHAPTER 4: The Interior Plains Region—Rolling Land and Rivers

Visit the Natural Resources Canada website to see images of the Interior Plains region.

For information and images of petroglyphs, check out Virtual Saskatchewan, the University of California, and the Ancient Echoes Interpretive Centre.

Download the Writing-on-Stone Provincial Park Rock Art fact sheet.

Visit the Canadian Council for Geographic Information for an account of the geography and history of the Red River.

See the Canadian Encylopedia for information on the Mackenzie River. Then visit the Canadian Council for Geographic Information for an account of the geography and history of the Mackenzie River.

Find out how to prepare for and deal with a flood.

Weather information is available at the Weather Network.

This website from the CBC Archives provides information about the Alberta oil industry.

The Saskatchewan Mining Association has information about mining on the Interior plains.

Learn about farming in Canada from Statistics Canada, including the effects of mechanization and the decline of revenue.

Learn about Canada’s national parks.



CHAPTER 5: The Cordillera Region—a Land of Mountains

Visit the Natural Resources Canada website for images of the Cordillera region.

Learn about the Haida from the Canadian Museum of Civilization and Library and Archives Canada Kids.

For information on the Sahtu Dene, go to the Art Canada website.

Learn about the Gwich’in , the Dunne-za, the Woodland Cree, and the Dakelh.

Read the CTV news story about the severe winter weather in British Columbia in 2006.

Learn about the many activities carried on during Flaunt your Frenchness in Maillardville.

Visit the Mackin House museum for more information on Maillardville.

The David Suzuki Foundation website explains the issues surrounding urban sprawl and contains links to additional information.



CHAPTER 6: The Arctic Region—Living Near the Top of the World

Learn interesting facts about the Arctic on this website.

Visit the Kids’ Site of Canadian Settlement to find out more about Inuit shelters.

Learn more about the traditional iglu from the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia.

View this Historica Minute on the inuksuk, a symbol of Inuit way of life.

This website has photographs and descriptions of various inuksuit.

The National Gallery of Canada website has images of the artwork of Pitseolak Ashoona. More prints and drawings by Pitseolak Ashoona can be found at the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia.

For information on traditional Inuit games, visit the Living Traditions, Nunavut Tourism, and Kugaardjuq School Arctic Winter Games websites.

Energy-saving habits, activities, and answers are posted on Natural Resources Canada’s website.

Visit the Environmental Protection Agency, the PEW Center on Global Climate Change, and the Environmental Education for Kids websites for information on climate change and tips on how you can make a difference.



CHAPTER 7: European Settlements in North America

Read about Viking voyages from Greenland to North America by visiting the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History website.

View the Historica Minute showing that the Vikings were the first Europeans to visit North America.

At Passageways: True Tales of Adventure for Young Explorers, learn about the first European explorers of Canada by clicking on each explorer's name.

Listen to the Historica Radio Minute of John Cabot finding cod and claiming North America for England.

Listen to the Historica Radio Minute of Jacques Cartier and the naming of Canada.

View the Historica Minute of Jacques Cartier’s misunderstanding of the word Kanata when he meets Iroquoian Chief Donnacona.

Learn more about the Acadian settlement of Port Royal near Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia.

For a guided tour of Port Royal check out the Parks Canada website.

Learn about Pierre du Gua de Monts and the founding of early settlements in Acadia.

Learn more about the exploration of Acadia by Samuel de Champlain and Pierre du Gua de Monts.

Visit the CBC to find out more about Samuel de Champlain’s Order of Good Cheer and Canada’s First Cooks on Library and Archives Canada’s website.

The Acadian Cultural Society provides extensive resource information on Acadian culture and heritage.

Learn about the beginnings of Montréal and Québec City.

Check out this Museum of Civilization exhibit of items from New France.

Discover more about the seigneurs and their role in New France.

Add to your knowledge about the habitants and their way of life.

The Youth Encyclopedia of Canada has background facts on the filles du roi.



CHAPTER 8: The Fur Trade

The Canadian Canoe Museum has general information about the canoes used in the fur trade.

Visit the Virtual Museum of New France and the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia for information and to learn about the coureurs des bois.

Learn about the life of the voyageurs at the Virtual Museum of New France.

Find out how the fur trade, Hudson’s Bay Company and exploration of Canada are intertwined on the Canadiana website.

Visit the Passageways: Explorers of Canada website for interesting information about the exploration of Canada.

The Canadiana website has information on how beaver tokens were used.

Explore the Virtual Museum of Métis History and Culture, and follow the Artistic Expressions link for the activity in this chapter.



CHAPTER 9: People on the Move

Find information and images of Acadian life, past and present, at the Library and Archives Canada and Nova Scotia Museum websites.

The Canadian Encyclopedia has an article on the deportation of the Acadians.

The Historica fair entry, The Acadian Connection, was written by a Calgary student.

The Acadian Cultural Society provides extensive resource information about Acadian culture and heritage.

Visit the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia for articles about the United Empire Loyalists.

The CBC’s Introduction to the American Revolution includes stories about Loyalist families.

Visit the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia and Statistics Canada for information about the Loyalists.

Library and Archives Canada features an article on Scottish Loyalists.

For information on Irish, Scottish, and English migration and culture, visit the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia website.

Visit the Parks Canada site commemorating the Underground Railroad in Canada.

The Canadian Encyclopedia article on the Underground Railroad includes links to other related websites.

For examples of quilt codes, visit the City of Owen Sound website.

Library and Archives Canada’s Anti-Slavery Movement website contains primary sources and narrative descriptions on five topic areas.

Lyrics and explanation of “Follow the Drinking Gourd” from the NASA educational website. Then visit the Songs for Teaching website to listen to the song.

Visit the Historica website for information and about Black history in Canada.



CHAPTER 10: A Country from Sea to Sea

The Confederation for Kids website tells the story of how colonies came together to become Canada.

Learn more about the forces behind Confederation from the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia.

Click on the names to find out how each individual was important to the creation of Canada.

For background on Louis Riel, visit the Confederation for Kids website.

To find out about the Red River Rebellion, visit the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia.

Learn more about how certain provinces felt about Confederation by clicking on the following links and reading about Québec and the Confederation Project (1864-1867) and the Maritime Provinces, the Maritime Rights’ Movements and Canadian Federalism.



CHAPTER 11: Challenges of Building a Country

Visit the Museum of Civilization for information of immigration to Western Canada.

The Canadiana website provides background information on Canada–US relations (1842–1903).

Learn about the Peopling of Canada 1891–1921 from the University of Calgary.

Visit the North West Mounted Police Museum for a history of the NWMP.

Learn about the history of the NWMP at the University of Calgary website.

This RCMP website includes the diary of Commissioner George French listing preparations and commenting on the march West, as well as songs, recruitment posters, and biographies.

The Kid's Site of Canadian Trains includes topics such as famous moments, building the railway, North-West and First Nations resistance.

Click on Building the Pacific Railway under the interactive maps on the Canadian Encyclopedia for an interactive section on building the CPR.

The Chung Collection contains information about the history of Chinese Canadians.

Learn about Canada's early Chinese communities and the hardships they faced from the Kids’ Site of Canadian Settlement.

Visit the Chinese Canadian National Councils Chinese Canadians Historical Photo Exhibit for a timeline, history, and photos of Chinese Canadians.

Learn about the role of the Métis in influencing the Canadian West from Canada’s SchoolNet.

Find information about the North-West Resistance from the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia.

Visit the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia to learn about the First Nations treaties.

Learn about the Klondike Gold Rush from the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia.

Many images of the Gold Rush by a variety of Yukon photographers are available at the Virtual Museum of Canada.



CHAPTER 12: Settling the West

Visit the Letters from the Trunk interactive website to learn about the men and women who settled in the Canadian West in the first half of the twentieth century.

This virtual exhibition explains the Canadian government's role in advertising free land to farmers from Britain, the United States, and Europe in the early 1900s.

The Canadian Youth Encyclopedia provides background on Sir Clifford Sifton and his immigration policies.

To learn about causes of immigration in the early 20th century visit the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia.

Read about the wave of immigration to Canada from 1870–1900.

Go to the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia website to learn more about the Ukrainian immigrants and view William Kurelek’s painting, The Ukrainian Pioneer.

Take the online thematic tour, called Go West! Settling Canada’s Prairies, with the McCord Museum of Canadian History.

In the 1880s many immigrants took advantage of cheap land offered by the government. The “Settling Canada” Radio Minutes clip tells the story of the hard work involved in building early prairie homes.

Read the story of the Komagata Maru from the History of Metropolitan Vancouver website.



CHAPTER 13: Changing Ways of Life

Search Eaton’s catalogues from various years. Enter a category into the search field, such as clothing or furniture, and then select page numbers.

Visit this Mount Allison University website to learn about the growth and development of some early Canadian cities.

Read about the importance and functions of cities in the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia.

Visit the City of Edmonton Archives for a selection of photos from many time periods on a number of different topics.

Visit the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick to see a collection of historical photos of women at work.

Visit the City of Edmonton Archives for a selection of photos. Look for photos that show the effects of the First World War.

Learn about the impact of the First World War on Canadian society from the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia.

Read about Canadian women’s fight for the vote in the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia.

Watch the Historica Minutes that feature Nellie McClung, Emily Murphy, Agnes Macphail, and Jennie Trout.

You can read biographies of the Famous Five at the Library and Archives Canada, Alberta Heritage, Status of Women Canada, and Edukits websites.

To learn more about the Persons Case, visit the Alberta Heritage website.

Read about the Winnipeg General Strike in the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia.



CHAPTER 14: The Great Depression and World War II

The Yesnet website provides background on the Great Depression and how it affected Canada and Canadians.

Read about the On to Ottawa Trek on the Historica and Canadian Youth Encyclopedia.

Have fun with this interactive multimedia website complete with music, photographs, and interesting facts about Depression life in Manitoba.

Learn about Canadian War Brides by visiting the Historica’s YouthLinks Forum.

This Historica Minute episode depicts the increased housing demand after World War II.

Visit the CBC News website to discover the range of information available online with CBC.

Visit the Japanese Canadian National Museum for a timeline of Japanese Canadian history.

To learn more about Aboriginal Canadians’ contributions during war time, visit the Veterans Affairs Canada website.



CHAPTER 15: Steps toward Independence

Visit the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia to learn about the Statute of Westminster.

Investigate a primary source by reading excerpts from the Statute of Westminster.

Read about Lester B. Pearson and his Nobel Peace Prize on the CBC website, then listen to him explain his idea of peacekeeping in a clip from the archives.

Learn about the Suez Crisis from the Canadian Encyclopedia.

Learn about the flag debate from the websites of the CBC, Historica Minutes, Canadian Youth Encyclopedia, and the Centre of Canadian Studies at Mount Allison University.

Read the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and visit the Canadian Youth Encyclopedia to learn more.

Learn more about the Constitution Act, 1982 from the Canadian Encyclopedia.

Find definitions of Canada's Aboriginal peoples from Citizen and Immigration Canada.

Find out more about Nunavut from the website of the government of Nunavut.

Learn about Nunavut from the Confederation for Kids website.

Visit the website of the Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, the national Inuit organization in Canada.

This University of Regina website contains a variety of photos of Nunavut communities.